Creating Accessible Social Media
We all want to be connected. Social Media has allowed people with similar interests and situations to connect regardless of where they are located. Unfortunately, it also can create barriers if the media is not created with everyone in mind.
- Add captions to your videos
- Edit the automatic alt-text for photos
- Don't use acronyms
- Add any URLs, or hashtags at the end of the post.
Editing the Alt-Text of a Photo
- Select the photo that you would like to edit
- Select options, and then select change alt-text
- Select Override generated alt-text or change the alt-text in the text box, and then select save.
Adding Captions to A Video
- Click on 'create post'.
- Select Photo/Video
- Choose the video that you want to upload and select post, once your video is processed you will be notified that its ready.
- When the video has finished uploading, find the video in your timeline and click on 'Click for More'
- Then click on the three dots to the lower left of the video frame.
- In this window, you will now have the option to upload the .srt file. Choose your file, fill in any other information and select save.
- You will also need to turn on the caption display to show the captions when the video runs. To do this you want to go back to your feed page and select the settings icon, or the little ratchet icon beside the time remaining in the video.
- Select More Video Settings from this menu.
- Turn Always Show Captions to On and close the tab.
To add captions in additional languages:
Follow steps 4 through 6 for each additional language you would like to add.
Add captions to your video!
1. First, upload the video to YouTube.
- In the upper right corner click on the video icon, it will drop down a menu with Upload Video as the first option. Select this option
- Select the video that you would like to upload, and click open.
- While it is processing, you can go into the advanced tab to allow viewers to contribute edits to the captions. This is a good idea unless you are providing a professionally captioned version!
- Once the video has processed click on done. The URL for your video will appear at the top of the page. Click on the URL to take you to your video.
2. To add the captions you now need to select 'setting' in the video, its in the lower left corner of the video. In the subtitles/CC option turn it to Add
3. This will bring you to the Manage Subtitles and Close captions menu. There are several ways to get to this menu. Once you are here you can add your own captions, edit the auto-generated YouTube captions or add your own captions from a 3rd party. If you are editing the auto-generated captions, it will take some time for these captions to be generated.
Adding Your Own Captions
You can create new subtitles or closed captions from scratch or edit drafts in progress. Check out our video on creating subtitles and closed captions or follow these instructions:
- Choose the language for the subtitles or closed captions you want to create. Use the search bar to find languages that don't automatically show in the list. If you've already started working on a language, you can select it from My drafts.
- In the draft for the language, you want to work on, play the video. If your fans have added updates since your last version, you'll see a "Your fans submitted an update" notice at the top of that language draft's screen.
- When you get to the part where you want to add something, type your content into the box. Don't forget to add text describing other sounds happening in the video. For example, you can add sounds like applause or thunder as [applause] or [thunder] so viewers know what's going on in the video.
- If you need to, adjust when the caption starts and ends by dragging the borders around the text under the video.
- Repeat this process for all the spoken words in the video. If you don't have time to finish the whole video, your changes will be saved in your drafts and you can pick up again later.
- When you're done, select Publish.
To speed up your work, you can also use these keyboard shortcuts:
- Enter: Add the subtitle.
- Shift + space: Pause or play the video.
- Shift + left arrow: Seek back five seconds.
Editing the Auto-Generated YouTube Captions
YouTube will automatically generate captions for your video, once they have been generated they will appear on the 'Manage subtitles and closed captions' page and be listed as autogenerated in the language of the film. Since these are automatically generated, the quality of the captions may vary from video to video. It is recommended that you edit them.
To edit the captions:
Select the 'Language' Auto-generated option from the caption list to the right of the video.
This will bring you to the caption editor page.
As the video plays the captions will appear both on the screen as well as in the editor to the left and at the bottom of the page. To correct typos or incorrect words type into either the editor at the left or at the bottom of the page. If the timing is off, select and drag the box that the text appears in, to the correct timing. When you are finished select Publish in the top right corner.
Automatic captions are available in English, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.
Troubleshoot automatic captions
If your video doesn't have the option to create automatic captions, it could be due to one or more of the following reasons:
- The language in the video is not yet supported by automatic captions.
- The video is too long.
- The video has poor sound quality or contains speech that YouTube doesn't recognize.
- There is a long period of silence at the beginning of the video.
- There are multiple speakers whose speech overlaps.
Adding 3rd Party Captions
If you have a subtitle and closed caption file, you can upload it to your video. These types of files contain both the text and time codes for when each line of text should be displayed. Some files also include position and style information, which is especially useful for deaf or hard of hearing viewers.
Before you start, make sure that your file type is supported on YouTube.
- Choose the language for the subtitles or closed captions you want to create. You can use the search bar to find languages that don't automatically show in the list.
- Select the Actions menu.
- Select Upload a file and choose the type of file you have to upload.
- Select Choose file > Upload.
- Use the editor to make any needed adjustments to the text and timing of your new subtitle or closed caption.
- Select Publish.
- Edit the automatic alt-text provided by Instagram
- Add a transcript for videos
Editing the automatic alt-text
- Take or upload a photo, and select next
- Select Advanced Settings at the bottom of the screen
- Select Advanced Settings, and then Write Alt-text
- When you have finished describing your photo, select Save (Android) or Done (iOS)
Adding a Video Transcript
- After you have selected your video, write your video transcript in the space where it asks you to "Write a caption".
- Add descriptions, or alt-text, to your images (see below)
- Use CamelCase for hashtags (capitalize the first letter in each word, ie. #BlastFromThePast)
- Put your hashtags, hyperlinks and mentions at the end.
- Use a URL shortener, such as bit.ly
Adding alt-text to Images in Twitter
First, you need to go into your profile and allow image descriptions to be added to your photos.
- On the home page select the settings option, it looks like a bunch of stars. Or, using the keyboard type in 'g' then 's'
- Select Accessibility
- Check the Compose image descriptions checkbox to turn the option on.
Now that you have the ability to add descriptions to your images, this is how you add your alt-text:
- Select a photo that you would like to share, and select open.
- It will appear in the body of your tweet.
- Select the link 'Add description' under the image, it takes you to the page where you can add the alt-text for the image.
- Once you have described the image you are tweeting. Select Done
- You can add the text to your tweet now, if you haven't already, and select tweet.