To Fonds Description

E. H. Cookridge fonds. -- 1905-1979. -- 15.35 m of textual records and graphic material. Series 1-7.

Series 1
Literary Papers. -- 1905-1976. -- 4.67 m of textual records and graphic material. -- Title based on content of series.
Box 1
F.1       “Secrets of the British Secret Service” (1948). English reviews, photographs of spy apparatus; invoice from news service for use of a published photograph; photographs of persons.
F.2       “Secrets of the British Secret Service” Spanish Extracts.
F.3       “Secrets of the British Secret Service” German Extracts, appearing in Weltpresse, August and September, 1948.
F.4       “Net That Covers the World” (US title for “Soviet Spy Net” (1955) in Europe) Extracts of the book in the magazine US News and World Report August19, 1955, pp114-155. File contains original issue.
F.5       “Soviet Spy Net” (1955) “Zentrale Moskau” (1956). Reviews in English and German, correspondence regarding a proposed1965 rewrite of the book, which was rejected.

“Memoirs/Confessions of a Tattooist”:
F.6       Prospectus and synopsis.
F.7       US magazine article, with authors “George Burchett and Peter Leighton” (Cavalier Magazine, January, 1959, pp. 21-25, 50-58 incl. File contains entire issue.
F.8       Newspaper clippings (1905, and following) which were part of George Burchett’s own collection, some mounted; other research material.
F.9       Early newspaper clippings, some mounted, from George Burchett’s own collection.
F.10     Early newspaper clippings, some mounted, from George Burchett’s own collection; research material.
F.11     Collection of photographs of Geo. Burchett, his son, clients, and various business premises.

Box 2A
F.1       Burchett’s personal account of his career, biographical and genealogical information, personal materials, e.g. a stock certificate, contract for book between “Peter Leighton” and Burchett’s son; correspondence.
F.2       Extracts in Dutch and Danish, news-paper reviews and advertisements for the book.
F.3       George Burchett's Scrapbook.

F.4       “Sisters of Delilah”. Prospectus for 6 to 8 articles, typescript of “Chapter 1”, edited, and title page from book. (See also “Delilahs of Today” in Series 2 (1953, ‘54). Newspaper articles, and correspondence about the book, “Mata Hari’s Daughter” (1959).
F.5       “Moon Travellers". Preface, correspondence.
F.6       “Moon Travellers”. Background and research material.

F.7       Prospectus/synopses for “Traitor Betrayed” (1962). Explanatory note on abbreviations for1962 book, and outline of Chapters.
F.8       “Traitor Betrayed” (1962) Carbon copy of typescript draft of Chapters 1-19, plus an explanatory note on abbreviations.
F.9       Early drafts (Chapters1, 2) of “Traitor Betrayed” written on unused side of very interesting paper…
F.10     Early drafts (Chapters 3 to 6) of “Traitor Betrayed” (1962), written on the unused side of very interesting paper.
F.11     Early drafts (Chapters 7-10) of “Traitor Betrayed” (1962), written on unused side of very interesting paper.
F.12     Early drafts (Chapters11-13) of “Traitor Betrayed” (1962), written on unused side of very interesting paper.
F.13     Early drafts (Chapters14 to end) of “Traitor Betrayed” (1962), written on unused side of very interesting paper.
F.14     Proposed introductions for “George Blake, Double Agent” (1970), and a draft of Chapter 1.

Box 2B
F.15     Draft revisions to final manuscript of “Traitor Betrayed” (1962) to adapt for “George Blake, Double Agent” (1970). Press release, advertisement for 1970 book.
F.16     Various paste-ups for “George Blake, Double Agent” (1970).
F.17     Draft pages, unidentified, for “George Blake, Double Agent” (1970).
F.18     Official and personal correspondence re both1962 and1970 books about George Blake.
F.19     Synopses, articles, for1961 serial in “Today” based on “Traitor Betrayed”.
F.20     Copies of published serials (1961) based upon “Traitor Betrayed.”
F.21     Newpaper clippings, libel action, press reviews, advertisements.
F.22     Photographs and documents, originally unsorted:
            1) Captions only, some in Cookridge’s own handwriting
            2) Illustrations without captions.
            3) Francis Gary Powers: pictures: of Moscow trial, pieces of the U2 plane, border crossing where he was exchanged for Rudolph Abel
            4) British internees (including Blake) from Korean prison (1953).
            5) “Observer Magazine” colour photograph (Nov.1975) of Kim Philby. George Blake, and their wives al fresco in Moscow. Fragile.
            6) One-page bio on Blake dated 4/5/61, recounting circumstances of Korean imprisonment.
            7) Post-Korean-imprisonment newspaper clippings on Blake.
            8) Photograph of Greville Wynne “The Man from Moscow”. See also F.9 in Box 2A.
            9) “Blake Materials” Photographs of Hamburg, May 7-8, 1945, and photograph of U-boats.
            10) Photographic plates excised from “Shadow of a Spy”.
            11) Montage of photographs: “Shadow of a Spy”.
            12) Photostats in Russian and English, reversed. “Soviet Spy Net”.
            13) 1961 original photocopy of George Behar/Blake’s birth certificate. In Dutch; also photocopy of original handwritten marriage certificate from 1954, reproduced in “Shadow of a Spy”.
            14) Photocopy of Blake’s marriage certificate. Also, original Somerset House copy of certificate.
            15) Photograph 1: 1 of Somerset House copy of marriage certificate.
            16) Noel Field. Photograph from European Copyright Company, Ltd. (Cookridge)
            17) Photographs of unidentified individuals.

F.23     Photographs and documents, originally unsorted.
II Soviet Agents:
            0) Herbert Steinbreker/Steinbucher. 8 x10” glossy print;
            1) Ejection from USA of Egorov and Mrs. Egorov;
            2) Prisoner exchange brokers: Wolfgang Vogel (E. Germany) Jurgen Stange (W. Germany); Geographical Locations: E. Germany / Soviet. Includes photograph of Vogel’s house and car;
            3) Photographs of spy devices;
            4) Soviet Agents II; Kroger and wife, 1969, leaving Britain for Moscow;
            5) Krogers’ House in Ruislip (London)1961;
            6) Americans.
F.24     Newspaper clippings of Trinity College, Dublin, debate between Cookridge and Sean Bourke, the person accused of assisting Blake’s escape in 1965. See also clippings re Greville Wynne and the debate.
F.25     “Shadow of a Spy” manuscript in box.
F.26      “The Spy Next Door” 1968 promotional material (Frewin) for book which was never published. Catalogue is 36 pp; advertisement is on p 31.

Box 3
“They Came from the Sky”:
Note: “They Came from the Sky” consists of three sections from “Inside S.O.E.” which was published while “Inside S.O.E.” was awaiting clearance from British Intelligence before being published. This took several years; Cookridge had the three sections published in advance because, he said, he needed the money.
F.1       Synopsis for serialization, two stages in the development of a prospectus for the book, which was ready for publication.
F.2       Original photographs for plates.
F.3       Scrapbook with British and American reviews. Materials recopied: photostats which were fading, some brittle clippings .
F.4       Early draft of manuscript, entitled: “Three Came from the Sky”.
F.5       Mid-range, amended draft, with printing instructions.
F.6       Full, corrected manuscript. Note: Purchased by Bertram Rota, London, in 2005 from the publishers.
F.7       Galley proof of final index, galley proof of “Dramatis Personae”.

Box 4
“Inside S.O.E.” (Boxes 4-7)
F.1       Prospectuses for book, and advertising material, both British and American. The American title became “Set Europe Ablaze”.
F.2       Drafts, miscellaneous notes; includes spiral notebook with names and data on people, living and deceased, who are part of this story. Includes general reference material called “Section II: World Politics” with a chronology of World War II’s battles to 2 September, 1945.
F.3       General correspondence and bills relating to photograph processing, etc related to the book.
F.4       S. O. E. organization, other authors.
F.5       Harry Ree: correspondence, photographs, his revisions. See also Series 3
F.6       F.C. A. Cammaerts: Correspondence, photographs, his revisions. See also Series 3
F.7       Roger Landes: Notes. See also Series 3.
F.8       Francis Basin: notes and correspondence. See also Series 3.
F.9       Denmark. Notes.
F.10     Netherlands and Belgium.
            a) Netherlands data and correspondence with formal account of British and Dutch resistance, 1940-45, by Dr. Louis de Jong, Director of the Netherlands State Institute for War Documentation.
            b) Reprint: “The German Occupation of the Netherlands” British Survey VIII (16): pp 57-60, March 9,1942. Original article and Xerox copy. Fragile.
            c) Reprint: Gibberd, K. “Recovery of the Netherlands” British Survey VIII (19): pp1-16. September, 1947.
            d) Reprint: “Occupied Belgium” British Survey III (19): pp 69-72, April 2, 1942. Two copies.
            e) Excised chapter of a book, entitled “Holland”, pp140–186. Cheap paper, marked up.
            f) Excised chapter of a book, entitled “Luxembourg”, pp119-138. Cheap paper, some mark-up.
            g) Booklet: “Travel in Holland”, n.d. 25 pp.
            h) Cookridge’s handwritten chronology (Sept. 8, 1944 to Feb. 28, 1945) on the Allied invasion of Holland and Belgium.
            i) Two handwritten notes, and two later newspaper articles on Arnhem.
            j) Typewritten notes, original copy, largely regarding the “England Spiel” (‘The England Game’ perpetrated by the Nazis in Holland). Length: 40 pp.
F.11     Norway: Notes; Cookridge’s account of SOE and Norwegian Resistance; government of Norway’s official information on Quisling.
F.12     Preface and acknowledgements; captions for illustrations.
F.13    Coded messages; ration book; business card.
F.14     Photographs of Nazi spies: “A. de Wilde”, a Dutchman; Hugo Bleicher. Studio portraits of Bleicher, his baby pictures (originals), and several informal postwar colour snapshots of him and his immediate family.
F.15     Security clearance correspondence regarding the manuscript, and notes.
F.16     Letters of permission for the use of photographs and quotations for the book.
F.17     Early mock-up of plates; already-published pictures.
F.18     First draft, marked up, of part of Chapter 17 .

Box 5A
F.1       Early typewritten manuscript, pp. 231 to end. Manuscript marked up. In box.
F.2       Early drafts of Chapters14-17, some with mark-up, corrections. Several revisions of some portions.
F.3       Draft manuscript, Chapters 2 to15. In box.
F.4       Complete, corrected manuscript, possibly the final draft.

Box 5B
F.5       Illustrations, plate photographs, negatives, prints.
F.6       Galley proof with corrections for Chapters 14 to17, and most of Chapter 18. Also, early galley pages with handwritten emendations, later revised for final book and published as pp. 377-346. Used as background material for “The Secret Heroes”, a newsmagazine set of articles to celebrate the 25th Anniversary of D-Day (see also Box 20A, Files11 and 13).
F.7       Promotional materials, including some for the US Edition, entitled, “Set Europe Ablaze”.
F.8       Reviews – Italian.
F.9       “Set Europe Ablaze” (US Edition of “Inside S.O.E.”). Galley of ‘Documentation and Selected Bibliography’.
F.10     German Reviews of “Versteckspiel mit dem Tod”, the German edition of “Inside S.O.E.”

Box 6A
F.1       “Set Europe Ablaze”. US reviews, library notices. Most preserved as Xerox copies of yellowed Photostats and brittle newsprint.
F2        Correspondence , and biographical information.
F.3       Printed chart and timeline of “F” Section activity in France1941-1944.
F.4       Bibliography of sources for research on book.
F.5       Card file, in original box, of personnel in the French Resistance, both British and French, with some correspondence from family members after the book’s publication. File consists of four sections: Code names of fighters, alphabetical list of resistance personnel, many with biographical information, French traitors (very brief), and correspondence interallié.Some cross-references. One section is called “S.O.E. HQ”, but it is empty.
F.5       Card file containing code names, proper names, and biographical and operational information about individuals concerned with the French Resistance and the reseaux.
F.6      Photocopied news clippings; articles and reviews of A Very Personal War and Resistance, 1946-1976.

Box 6B
F.7       Headquarters and Heads. Several empty original envelopes; most data are obits of individuals who had led SOE
F.8       “P.W.E.” Political Warfare Executive: “Black Propaganda” This file has three original air-drop leaflets: Le Courier de l’Air1942 (4); Luftpost #23, October 21, 1941; Hitlers Verlustziffern n.d. File also contains the October15,1941 issue of Völkischer Beobachter – Berlin.
F.9       (M. E.) [Middle East] Force133, 266 etc. Two empty envelopes, article re Evelyn Waugh.
F.10     (M.E.) Albania, Jugoslavia, Greece. Articles, newspaper.
F.11     (M.E.) Bulgaria, Hungary, Rumania". Two newspaper clippings only.
F.12     Czechoslovakia. Article on Heydrich’s assassination and the destruction of Lidice, a letter from Cookridge to an editor.
F.13     Italy. Magazine article.
F.14     Poland. One newspaper clipping.
F.15     US – OSS. Newspaper clippings, handwritten memos; information on OSS involvement in Scandinavia, France, Algiers, Italy, the Far East, including Japan.
F.16     France. Sections “F” and “RF”.
            1) Newspaper clippings, including article on Samuel Beckett as intelligence operative.
            2) British Survey Vol IV (13, 14) pp.141-148, 2 issues, concerning S.O.E. relations with De Gaulle and the French Resistance, background for Republique Française.
            3) British Survey Part of Vol I (18) p. 72, December 22, 1939; Vol I (19, 20) pp 73-80. January1940; Vol VI (5), pp19-22, n.d.; Vol VI (17, 18) pp1-4, n.d.; Supplement to News-Letter 500, July 2, 1946;
            4) Reader’s Digest (British?) article “The Millionth Frenchman” February, 1952, pp 53-57
            5) Article from Der Spiegel on the Vichy regime.
            6) Chapters entitled “France” and “Italy” excised from unknown book, pp. 249-282. “France” deals with the period from the Vichy regime until the Allied victory in August 1944; “Italy” covers1943-1945. Fragile, cigarette burn on lower edge.
            7) Part of article, in French, from “Souvenirs, Discussions et Décisions” pp. 277-284. Memo notes by Cookridge.
F.17     “S.O.E. Official History (France)” Single envelope containing newspaper clippings, some reviews and much commentary on M.R.D. Foot’s “An Account of S.O.E. in France,1940-1945.”; articles by Harry Ree, Hugh Trevor-Roper, “General Passy”; cover poster original for the book.
F.18     O.S.S. Two newspaper articles about General Henri Giraud’s escape from Vichy France, and his ferrying to Algeria to plan, with Eisenhower, the Allied invasion of France.

F.19     “S.O.E.” Envelopes:
            1) HQ French Section Heads – Buckmaster.
            2) French Section: Buckmaster – Lt Col. Maurice controversy.
            3) Newspaper article outlining limitations of Foot’s Official History of S.O.E.
            4) Cookridge’s own notes about Buckmaster and S.O.E. HQ.
            5) Articles by Jean Overton Fuller and Elizabeth Nicholas attacking Buckmaster for his reticence to speak even after the War was over.
            6) Rebuttal article by Buckmaster
            7) Motion in the House by Dame Irene Ward.
            8) Letter from Ian Walling to T. Spiro, Feb.1963 re: Buckmaster.
            9) Carbon of typescript, much-amended, done on an electric typewriter. The handwriting is probably Cookridge’s, but the source of the document (p. 23 and following) is obscure.

F.20     “S.O.E. French Section.” Individuals, Part I:
            1) Vera Atkins. Typewritten transcription of interview with ? and Atkins.
            2) Peter Churchill and former wife Odette [Churchill] Hallowes. Newspaper articles.
            3) Val Williams [Vladimir Bouryschkin]. Obit.
            4) Nicole “Peggy” Knight Smith “Marguerite Chauvin” – typewritten transcription annotated by Cookridge, of a narrated recording in which her involvement with the French Resistance is documented. Xeroxed because original is brittle.
            5) Gleeson article “Commando Girls” mentioned in (4) above.
            6) Pearl Witherington, “Madame Cornioley”: typewritten transcript of her recounting her activities; also a letter to Cookridge regarding 20th anniversary of D-Day.
            7) Andrée de Jongh, Mme. De Greef, Mme Ugeux 1967 newspaper article.
            8) Maurice Chevalier, partial “Leader” magazine article, December1944.
            9) Gen. Delattre de Tassigny. “Leader” article, December 1944. Same issue as (8).
            10) Yvonne Basedon. Narrated typewritten transcript.
            11) Sky Corps article. The "Irish girl" not named may be Maureen Sullivan.
            12) Langelaar, George. Newspaper review of his book, Knight of the Floating Silk”; pictures.
            13) John Starr. Envelope only, no articles.
            14) Harry Ree – see “They Came from the Sky” and Series 3 (Correspondence).
            15) Vomecourt, Pierre “Lucas”. See also “The Cat” (Mathilde Carré), Benjamin Cowburn and Hugo Bleicher Court case.
            16) de Vomecourt, Pierre. Review of his book “Who Lived to See the Day: France in Arms, 1940-45” (aka “Major St. Paul”?) Letters of introduction to US Forces.
            17) Yeo-Thomas, Forest “The White Rabbit” 1961 newspaper article.
            18) Basin, François. Cookridge notes. See also correspondence re “Inside S.O.E.
            19) Rake, Denis. Obits (12 September 1976), b. 1902. Friend of Spiro/Cookridge’s: see telegram. Letters between Rake and Cookridge (Spiro) in 1960 re French translation of letters, etc, relating to “Inside S.O.E.”;11 pp of Cookridge’s notes from interview with Rake. Originals in envelope, photocopy also in file.
            20) Envelope: “Women’s list of Names, etc., Executions.” Found empty.
            21) Women: General stories, and “Death Be Not Proud” Partial newspaper article on “La Souris” who gave V1 plans to the British; anonymous article on one British woman’s activities; article (March 11, 1945) about Sonia d’Artois and Maureen Sullivan.
            22) “The Seven Angels from Hell” incomplete series of newspaper articles by Elizabeth Nicholas (The Sunday Pictorial, June 29, 1958). The "seven": Diana Rowden (friend of Nicholas’s), Andrée Borel, Vera Leigh, “Sonia” ?d’Artois, Elaine Plewman, Madeleine Damerment, Yolande Beekman.
            23) Violette Szabo. Newspaper articles, 1946, during the Nuremburg Trials, and article about her daughter, 1967.

F.21     “S.O.E. French Section.” Individuals, Part II:
            1) Michel Cabotte. Newspaper articles (Sunday Dispatch January 27, 1946) re sabotage.
            2) Taffy Higginson. Observer magazine article, pp 45-46.
            3) Philip Newman. Newspaper article (Sunday Express May 2, 1971).
            4) “Patrick O’Leary” (Daily Express, April 20, 1947) magazine article. See also Taffy Higginson reference in (2) above.
            5) D-Day 25th anniversary: 4 newspaper clippings.
            6) Evening News 1948, clippings give names and addresses of British women murdered by the Gestapo.
            7) John Howard: 1969 newspaper article describing his exploits.
            8) Mary Lindell. Incomplete article about her life and death in Ravensbrück prison.
            9) Suzanne (Mrs. Paul) Cole. Sunday Express article, January 31, 1965 reviewing “In Trust and in Treason” by Gordon Young, Paul Cole’s biographer.
            10) Emlyn Jones, Bruce Mepham, Henry Eickoff, and John Hughes: D-Day+25 newspaper article about their landing on the shore of France.
            11) Stanley Hollis V.C.: Sunday Telegraph, June 1, 1969, article.
            12) John Goldsmith: Sunday Times Weekly, 3 January, 1971 review.
            13) Ronald Seth: Weekend October 7-11, 1959 article.

F.22     “S.O.E. Dutch Section "N’”:
            1) Map (Serial Map #276) “outflanking the Rocket Coast” re 1945. On the reverse: Map (Serial Map #s 242, 284) “Closing in on Japan”. Printed after March 1945.
            2) Newspaper article about Anne Frank 24 November, 1963.
            3) Cookridge notes, handwritten.
            4) Newspaper articles on “safe houses”, and survival of Auschwitz and Dachau.
            5) “Englandspiel” and Major Giskes. Newspaper article in Weekend, June 27-July 1, 1962; Times (London) article, July 15, 1950; reviews of Giskes’s book, and two related clippings.

F.23     “S.O.E. Scandinavia: Norway, Denmark”, and Sweden:
            1) Article about Quisling.
            2) Article about the German landing in Norway.
            3) Cookridge’s notes, handwritten.
            4) British Survey Vol III (20) pp 73-76 “Germany and Denmark” n.d.
            5) Peter Hershend:1945 newspaper article about Danish underground.
            6) Radio Times February 24, 1973: article on sabotage at Telemark, Germany’s atomic centre.
            7) Sunday Telegraph June 8, 1967. Story about the Norwegian heavy water plant.
            8) Sunday Telegraph, June 8, 1967. “How the Germans Bungled the Bomb.”
            9) Newspaper article: “Denmark’s Way in War” on Danish Resistance.
            10) Correspondence between Cookridge and Poul Hansen regarding Hansen’s bewilderment over his own role in S.O.E. in Denmark, and requesting assistance from Cookridge. Part of the file contains Xerox copies of faded photostatic copies of documents.
            11) Two articles on the disappearance of Raul Wallenberg in Russia (1956).

F.24     “S.O.E. Far East”: “Malaya, Burma”:
            1) Newspaper article: “The Queen’s Guerillas”, Sunday Dispatch September 6, 1959.
            2) Newspaper article: “The jungle girl joins the army” Sunday Dispatch September13, 1959.
            3) Newspaper article: “How we blew up Burma Oil” Sunday Telegraph, February 14, 1965.

Box 7
“Inside S.O.E.” Scrapbook of British reviews of the book. Also contains launch-party invitations, guest lists. Newspaper clippings, both glued to the pages and loose in the book, contain review comments. Also contains promotional materials from the publishers. In addition, two envelopes of clippings deal with “The England Game” played by the Nazis in Holland; other topics.

Box 8
“From Battenberg to Mountbatten”: (Boxes 8-9)
F.1       Early (first?) draft in box. Pages are cut and pasted, of odd sizes, and heavily annotated.
F.2       Final draft typescript. In box.
F.3       Background material:
            1) Genealogical tree for descendants of Queen Victoria. On reverse, photographs of Princess Beatrice; Beatrice with her Hesse nieces.
            2) Genealogical tree for the Greek Royal family, showing connections to Battenbergs, and descendants from George I and Grand Duchess Olga of Russia.
            On reverse, acknowledgement by author of assistance by Battenbergs.
            3) Card-mounted genealogy, different from (1) above, of Queen Victoria’s descendants.
            4) Newspaper clipping with short political statement about   Battenberg/Mountbatten dynasty.
            5) Cookridge’s handwritten notebook on the genealogy of the Hesse/Battenberg family, beginning in 772 A.D.
            6) Photostatic copy of black-bordered letter from Balmoral on 4 August, 1886, written by Queen Victoria, in German.
            7) Typewritten synopsis of individuals in the Battenberg genealogy, including a list of illustrations.
F.4       Correspondence.
F.5       Synopses, from first draft, to the final draft for published book.
F.6       Draft of Prologue.
F.7       Draft material, miscellaneous.
F.8       File of correspondence labeled “Mather” who was working in close collaboration with Cookridge. There is talk of a co-authorship, and several exchanges of letters. Mather was certainly a "rewrite editor".
F.9       Chapter12; three drafts.
F.10     Illustrations for book:
            1) captions for pictures loose in envelope;
            2) photographic plate layout, with individual pictures identified, and final negatives for plates;
            3) historical pictures of Mountbattens/Battenbergs; their Russian cousins, Edwina, Lady Mountbatten’s family; Lord Louis’s family;
            4) caricature entitled “Louis and Alexander of Battenberg visiting Queen Victoria in June, 1879” drawn by Prince Louis;
            5) pictures of Lord Louis Mountbatten of Burma at all ages, and of Edwina, Lady Mountbatten of Burma;
            6) “Queen Victoria and her Children”;
            7) H.R.H. Prince Philip (Mountbatten), Duke of Edinburgh. Photograph series;
            8) pictures of the Marquess of Milford Haven (David Battenberg), and some of the women in his life;
            9) newspaper photograph (1965) of Heiligenberg Castle near Darmstadt, Germany, the seat of the Battenbergs. It was sold after World War I, and after World War II became a teachers’ college;
            10) newspaper photograph of German or Swiss hotel register page with signatures of Lord Louis and Lady Edwina, and their daughter Pamela. N.d. Original newsprint copy retained.
F.11     Draft of outline for a series, and the eight chapters of the series called “Prince Philip the Bold”, copyrighted by “J.P. Gallagher” in London, 1964.
F.12     Proof copy of book index.

Box 9A
F.1        1) Copy of extract from the book (vide infra ) of Hough, Richard: “Vindication of the Mountbattens” published in the Observer Magazine,15 September, 1974, pp 20-35.
            2) Reviews of Hough’s book: “Louis and Victoria: the First Mountbattens”.
F.2       English reviews of book.
F.3       German reviews of book. Original newsprint, mounted; in good condition.

“The Baron of Arizona”:
F.4       Proposals for a book, suggested bibliography, outlines:
            1) Outline by "E Orips", story outline by "Peter S. Leighton", and "George’s Draft" (see item19, this file);
            2) Typewritten article (on onionskin): “The Red Baron” by Clarence Buddington Kelland;
            3) Documentation and Selected Bibliography of the book in various stages of completion;
            4) 2 copies of pp. 302-305;
            5) unidentified handwritten comments about the manuscript pages (Cookridge?);
            6) letter to "E.S. Spire" from the University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, Librarian D. O. Kelley, 1965, on his library’s resources on the topic;
            7) outline of book, 1963;
            8) Correspondence with University of Oklahoma Press regarding permission to paraphrase passages from D. M. Powell’s “The Peralta Grant”,1965;
            9) Uncorrected outline of proposed book;
            10) letter, 1965, to "E.S. Spire" from New Mexico State Records and Archives regarding the trial of J. A. Reavis on the Peralta land grant fraud;
            11) letter, 1966, to the Librarian at the Arizona Archives requesting photographs of James Reavis, his wife, and other matters relating to the Peralta case;
            12) correspondence with Arizona Photographic Associates Inc., regarding provision of document photographs, 1966;
            13) correspondence with the City of Phoenix Library on the matter of photographs, 1966 ;
            14) correspondence with the Phoenix Gazette regarding provision of   material from the newspaper archives, 1965;
            15) correspondence with the Arizona Pioneer Historical Society about background information on the Peralta Grant trial, 1965;
            16) letter, 1965, from Donald M. Powell regarding permission to quote from his book ;
            17) correspondence with Sunset Magazine regarding sources of information, 1965;
            18) Undated letter to Arizona Highways regarding background information;
            19) letter from George Kay, 1965.

F.5       Background material for the book:
            1) newspaper clippings, reviews, and journal articles, including June1895 photocopies of the Gazette regarding the trial;
            2) a copy of an article by Peter S. Leighton which was published elsewhere;
            3) other reference documents, land grant data, and photocopies of the Arizona Star articles on the trial.
F.6       Background research for book:
            1) Large1904 facsimile copy of 1811 map of “Nuevo Espana” (New Mexico and Texas, largely);
            2) Envelope of illustrations for the book, including plate negatives;
            3) Historical information and four approaches to the story;
            4) Research notes, handwritten by Cookridge;
            5) Chronology of Reavis’s life;
            6) “Genealogy of the Peraltas”;
            7) Sample chapter for L. Pottinger, Ltd.;
            8) “Suggestions for Chapter 5”.
F.7      First draft (partial). Boxed.
F.8       Final, copy-edited draft manuscript, complete with the Index draft and its galleys. Boxed.

Box 9B
F.9       Final typewritten draft of book. Boxed.
F.10     Galley proofs of book, including the index. Boxed.

F.11     “The Third Man” – Contents of Envelope, “Philby, Spain”, Spanish reviews and rear cover of the dust jacket of the Spanish edition.
F.12     “The Third Man”: Philby – European press cuttings and articles; congratulatory telegrams, front cover of dust jacket. Invitation from Hatchard’s to the reception for ‘Authors of the Year’.
F.13     “The Third Man” Xerox copies of newspaper reviews, mainly in English.
F.14     “The Third Man” Newspaper clippings, reviews, in German.

Box 10A
“Gehlen: The Spy of the Century” (Boxes 10-12)
F.1       Proposal for the book, and a tentative arrangement of chapters. There is also a proposed collaboration between Cookridge and L. Farago, which never materialized.
F.2       Materials relevant to the book: typed early version of notes meant to follow the last chapter; typed copy of ‘Chapter10’ with markups.
F.3       Photographs from book, found in a box of other pictures.
F.3a, b Manuscript carbon copies, sorted by chapters, and including Table of Contents, Glossary, and illustrations (In two boxes). The divisions, which are numbered separately, do not necessarily correspond with final chapter numbers, i.e. Division 12 says "Chapter11". In (a) are two versions of “Chapter 6”, and the box ends at "Chapter11". (b) contains Chapter12 to end.

Box 10B
F.4       Early draft of manuscript, and notes, both marked up. Boxed.
F.5 a, b   Early draft of Hodder manuscript, and galley proof of Notes, and Table of Contents included. One page seriously damaged. 5(a) contains Chapters1-12; 5(b) from13 to the end of the book. Most chapters are typed, with annotations. Chapter 1 has major handwritten sections, and almost certainly is a first draft. The galley proof contains handwritten note of publication information. (In two boxes).

Box 10C
F.6       Printed unbound forms with corrections.
F.7       Printed, unbound forms, untrimmed, with cover.

Box 11
F.1      Pictures:
            1944-45 pictures of German soldiers surrendering to Allied forces in France, Holland, Belgium. Official British Press photographs
            Pictures of Adolf Hitler1925 (studio photographs) and later.
            Plate mock-up compiled from already-published pictures.
            Places, maps, equipment, etc. illustrated in book.
            Glossy prints from photographs in book.
            Loose glossies.
            Photographs of individuals, some unidentified.

F.2      Other documents:
            Xerox copies of places, maps, and newspaper clippings.
            A German joke about Gehlen.
            Unconnected loose captions, some of which may belong to “Inside S.O.E.”.
            Enlarged photocopies of several crucial telegrams sent by Gehlen near the end of the War,
            Enlarged photocopy of radio station information,
            Advertising poster for the book.

F.3      Research Notes.
F.4      Footnotes.
F.5      Scherz manuscript. The book was published in German as well as English. File includes revisions to several chapters, and some background material.
F.6       Information about release of book, including press conferences.
F.7       Press reviews, French (Fayard).
F.8       Extracts of reviews, British.
F.9       Press reviews, North American.
F.10     Press reviews, mainly British, but includes an article in Russian.

Box 12A
F.1       Background research material, largely photostats of material in Gehlen’s own files. There is information on personnel, radio activity, ‘deceptive activities’, and intelligence organization. Original photostats, some very faint, retained in envelopes; Xerox copies emphasize contrasts:
            Funkspiele, for1944. Table of Contents, with alterations.
            Roster of radio operators for1944 includes location, code name and age of operator, and the destination of the broadcast.
            Numbered (by Cookridge) series of documents, with descriptions in English (by Cookridge). All documents were from Gehlen’s own files, and are numbered “1” to “16”. Cookridge’s summary list is included. Most relate to the deterioration of Germany’s chances of winning the War, largely because of Hitler’s refusal to take the advice of his generals. Original photostats in envelopes.
F.2      Background research material, from Gehlen’s own files, and other sources:
             Hitler’s (1945) plans for an operation behind Soviet lines: “Operation Scherhorn”.
             Notices from Feb. 22, 24/’45 to Obersts Weber, Hoyer, respectively.
            Typical monthly report from Gehlen to the German High Command. Cookridge says the March 5, 1945 report is "one of the last".
            Telegrams from Gehlen, 28 March, 1945, complaining about SS units’ failure to destroy rail and road bridges as he had ordered.
            Report of a murder committed by one of the Nazi staff sergeants in Byelorussia.
             Hitler’s Jan 21, 1945 telegram to Gehlen removing all "deception and sabotage matters" from Gehlen’s department, and transferring them to Himmler and Goering. Cookridge’s notes amplify the description in 12-1 of the documents concerned. In essence, Gehlen’s analyses of intelligence information, troop strength, and predictions were invariably accurate, and he was certain by 1944 that Germany could not win the war. Gehlen’s colleagues accepted his word as "gospel truth"; Hitler did not want to know the real situation, especially in1945, so he "fired" Gehlen.
            Notes on available folders of German intelligence and security organization.
            Gehlen’s "201" file, containing biographical information and a summary of important events in his career as a Nazi.
            Organizational chart of Gehlen’s staff, with photographs, and additional notes by Cookridge.
            Photocopy of photograph (Spring 1943) of Gehlen’s general staff published in Der Spiegel 55:3, August 25, 1954. Additional notes by Cookridge.
            Organizational chart of the German army on the Eastern Front.
            Issue of Mitteilungsblatt (East Germany) from April, 1968, with letter from Cookridge to Dr. J. Mader, whose article is missing from the paper. No publication information.
            Copy of an article, “The National Socialist State,” pp 24-36, by Hildegarde Bosninger (? Handwritten.), 1961. Hoover Library Collection on Germany, #2.
            Inventory of papers of Col. W.R. Philp from the Hoover Library. 24 pages. US Military Intelligence, reports, papers.
            Bibliography of film frames on Russian POWs, situations in Russia, Middle East.
            Gehlen? One page of discussion (17 January1945) Feindliche Operationsmoglichkeiten und Krafteanzatz gegen Heeresgruppe Nord [Possibilities of enemy operations and attacks against northern army groups]. Essentially an analysis of Russian plans.
            Microfilm reference: Germany, Wehrmacht, Oberkommando, Berichte September1939-December1942. Hoover Library
            Dust jacket from English edition of book.
            Draft of Chapter 12 of the book, 5 pages.

F.3       Gehlen, R. “Der Dienst”; Gehlen’s own account of his activities during World War II. Xerox copy, unbound. In box.

“Spy Trade”:
F.4       Outlines in three stages. Original proposed title: “A Spy for a Spy”.
F.5       Background notes and miscellaneous loose pages of manuscript drafts.
F.6       Correspondence relating to book, including George Kay, William McCuaig (with photograph), and permissions from other authors.
F.7       Background notes on Dr. Vögel, including correspondence.
F.8       Press cuttings, most in English, but from both Britain and North America.
F.9       Magazine interviews with Cookridge, one in Italian, one in Spanish, on the subject of the book.
            Ottolenghi, Sandro. ?1972. La Guerrigliera Leila era un Agente Secreto
            Ottolenghi, Sandro.1972. La Guerrilera Leila. Gacetta Illustrada (# 700) Jan. 9, 1972.
F.10     Photographs.

Box 12B
F.11     Five revised manuscript chapters, unnumbered.
F.12     Early draft, but of miscellaneous unnumbered chapters, as in F.11.
F.13     Typed, revised partial manuscript, Chapters 2-11 inclusive, with corrections. Boxed.
F.14     Final draft, in chapters, with corrections. Boxed.

Box 13A
“Orient Express; The Life and Times of the World’s Most Famous Train” (Boxes 13-14)
F.1       Development and prospectuses.
F.2       First draft, in large envelope. 1) Notes to George Kay, and responses 2) Preface, various chapters with insertions, e.g. ‘spy’ series. Incomplete?
F.3       Early draft, Chapters1-6 inclusive. Also notes to and from George Kay. In large envelope.
F.4       Early draft, marked up, with comments by George Kay. Chapters 6 (2 versions) to13. In large envelope.
F.5       Carbon copies of typed manuscript. Pages missing from several chapters. In large envelope.
F.6       Typewritten manuscript with corrections; taken from envelope labeled, “Cookridge: duplicate manuscript of ‘Orient Express; The Life and Times…’” In large envelope.

Box 13B
F.7       1) Final typewritten manuscript. 2) Xerox copy of numbered proposed photographs for book. 3) Photostats of montage of proposed photographic plates, without captions.  In large envelope.
F.8       Final copy for typesetter. In large envelope.
F.9      Galley proofs with typescript insertions; no pictures. In large envelope.

Box 14A
F.1       Xerox copy of page proofs. In large envelope.
F.2       Xerox copy of first pass galley from envelope labeled: “First and second pass Xerox.” In large envelope.
F3        Revisions to typeset pages from previous file (14-2). In large envelope.
F.4       Xerox copy of second pass typeset pages with typesetter’s markups. In large envelope.
F.5       Repros of typeset copy; loose pages. In large envelope.

Box 14B
F.6       Blues. Final proof copy for printing in forms. In large envelope.
F.7       1) Index proofs.  2) End papers  3) Master set: first pass copy of index, with a copy of same.
F.8       Photographs and illustrations, background material for illustrations, photostats of illustrations, and picture captions, acetate negatives of plates, dust jackets.
F.9       Two sets of unbound prints of the photographic plates, and typeset title page mock-up.
F.10     Original layout of photographic plates mounted on original card backing. In envelope.
F.11     Background material for book. Bibliography data.
F.12     Correspondence, permissions, etc.
F.13     American press reviews; Xerox copies. Envelopes addressed to “Peter Spiro”, dated February 26 and June 21, 1979. Peter was E.H. Cookridge’s son.
F.14     Research cuttings from various sources: most have been xeroxed. File includes a Spanish language copy of the Cook Wagons-Lit magazine dated 1965.
F.15     British press reviews.

F.16     “Stamp Collecting” Dust jacket for this book by “E.H. Spire” (Cookridge). Published by Collins; # 4 in its "Nutshell’ series
F.17     E. H. Cookridge: partial curriculum vitae, his own summaries of his book publications, and a brief collection of press reviews of his books.

Box 15
Glass plate negatives used in “Gehlen: Spy of the Century”. Negatives are singly supported, and wrapped in acid-free paper. They are identified as being printed between adjacent page numbers in the published book, since the plates are not numbered. Individual images are reproduced from the glass negatives; the negatives do not represent the entire plate.
F.1       Image of code book (pp178-179); portraits not used in book.
F.2       Cable apparatus (pp 210-211); other portraits not used in book.
F.3       Two pictures of Reinhard Gehlen, one at his desk, the other in a meeting (pp50-51).
F.4       1) Frontispiece for a book (pp18-19); 2) Hitler shaking hands with his young ‘werewolves’ (pp. 82-83); 3) portrait and an East German identity card.
F.5       “Gehlen: Spy of the Century”: Map indicating area in which Gehlen stored his records until he could make contact with American leadership in order to begin working for them after the war.
F.6      Two US generals: Clay and McNarney (pp.114-115). Complete print (in Box11, File1) includes Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. Negative also contains a picture of Gehlen and two others, but it is not found in the published book.
F.7       Map of postwar zones in Germany and their governance (p.141).
F.8       Negative of 7 Nazi leaders. Four (Dombrowski, Brunner, Worzitsky, and Krummins) found pp 242-243; Lauterbacher found pp 210-211; Baun on pp146-147. One portrait not identified.
F.9      Forged identity card, portrait of “Walter Gromach” (pp178-179).
F.10    Buildings, internal structures:
            File cabinets (pp178-179)
            Front gate and building at Kransberg (pp146-147),
            US camp at Oberursel (pp146-147)
F.11     Portraits, apparatus.
            Microfilm shown under magnification (pp178-179)
            “Gehlen” in later years; Gehlen denied it was he. (pp 306-307)
            Von Rittberg (pp 50-51).
F.12    Variety of people, structures.
            Lotz on his horse (pp 242-243)
             Guard walking with dog at Pullach (pp146-147);
            Radio reception station, Pullach (pp178-179);
            Tape recorder ring (pp 242-243)
            Trüppen Ubersicht frontispiece. Not used in book.

Box 16
Glass negatives used to provide photographic plates for “Gehlen: Spy of the Century”. Individual images may not have been used, and plates tend to be comprised of images from several acetate negatives. Page numbers represent the position in the book where the image may be found.
F.1       Numbered ‘Plate 40’ Sign in Russian used to mislead. (pp 210-211).
F.2       Gehlen in retirement. Two pictures, pp 306-307.
F.3      Organizational chart of Gehlen’s staff (pp 338-339).
F.4      Student group, pp18-19. Plate broken; fragile; held together by photographic masking tape.
F.5       Three photographs:
            US Army camp at Bad Tolz, pp. 242-243
            Gerhard Wessel, Gehlen’s successor in German Intelligence, pp 306-307.
            Dieter Blötz, former Social Democratic Party official, who was appointed Vice-President in1970, pp. 306-307
F.6      Background material not used in book – letter from Geyer.
F.7      Two photographs:  Gehlen meeting an informer, pp.274-275; Gehlen with Capt. Strick-Strickfeldt and Gen. Malyshkin of Gen. Vlasov’s Second Soviet Army, pp. 50-51.
F.8      Thirteen portraits from book:
            Wilhemn Zeisser and Erich Mielke, pp 210-211
            Kreidl, the farmhand, pp114-115
            Edwin L. Sibert, pp114-115
            Hermann Kastner, East German Prime Minister, pp 242-243
            Oskar Reile, Abwehr counterespionage, pp146-147
            Franz Six, pp146-147.
            Walter Schellenberg, pp 50-51
            Franz Goring, pp146-147
            Otto Skorzeny, pp 50-51
            Andrey Vlasov, Soviet Second Army general, pp 50-51
            Panzinger, pp 242-243.
            Hermann Giskes, Chief of Abwehr in Holland, pp146-147.
            Hans Joachim Koch, pp 210-211.
F.9      Seven portraits and a photograph of a building.
            Two pictures of Ernst Wollweber; police photographs, pp 210-211.
            Adolph Heisinger, pp18-19.
            Heinz Guderian, pp18-19.
            Erich von Manstein, pp18-19.
            Siegfried Dombrowski, defector, pp 242-243.
            Alexis von Roenne, pp 50-51.
            Franz Halder, pp18-19.
            Building: East German Ministry for State Security, Normannenstrasse, East Berlin.

Box 17
Glass plate negatives in box, from “Gehlen”, “Spy Trade” and “Inside S.O.E.”
F.1       “Gehlen, Spy of the Century” negative of tunnel for radio equipment, controls.
F.2       “Gehlen…”
            1) ‘Pl 37’ American radar station, pp.210-211.
            2) Diagram of tunnel for Soviet communication lines – not found in books.
F.3       Microphone. ‘Shur Co.’ US intelligence machine. Not found in books.
F.4       Radio transmitter microphone in Soviet staff car – US intelligence. Not found in books.
F.5       “Gehlen…” Chalet at Misery Meadow. Pp.114-115.
F.6       “Inside S.O.E.” Photograph of Paris Gestapo, pp. 304-305
F.7       “Spy Trade” Portraits:
            1) V.Y. Semichastny, Head of KGB, 1961-1967. pp 224-225
            2) A.N. Shelepin, Head of KGB, 1958-1961, pp.224-225
            3) Statuette hiding codes and microfilms, pp.192-193
            4) V.A. Pripoltzev, KGB agent in West Germany, pp.192-193
F.8       “Spy Trade” Negatives of portraits.
            1) Gudrun Heidl – Soviet spy. Pp 256-257
            2) Irene Schultz – spy in West Germany, pp. 256-257
            3) Jindrich Augustin – Soviet spy, pp.192-193.
            4) Alfred Frenzel – West German MP, Communist spy. Picture in Daily Telegraph, 10 October, 1969.
            5) Karl and Erna Driehaus – spies in West Germany, pp. 256-257 (two pictures).
            6) Wilhelm Lehmann – KGB agent, pp.192-193
            7) Hans Felfe – double agent in Gehlen’s office, pp. 224-225.
            8) Unknown individual – picture not used in books.

“Inside S.O.E.”:
F.9       R. to L.: four women: Khan, Beekman, Szabo, and Rowden, all executed by the Nazis.
F.10     From the caption in the book: “Unidentified W/T operation at work…”
F.11     L to R: Starr, Pierre de Vonnecourt, Michael Trotbas, Henri Dericourt, Maurice Southgate with Alfred and Henry Newton, Robert Heslop.
F.12     L to R: Flemming Muus, Lorens Duus Hansen, R. C. Hollingsworth, unknown gentleman with pipe.
F.13     L to R: Virginia Hall, Gustave Bieler, Gilbert Norman, Jack Agazarian, Harry Peulevé, France Antelme.
F.14     Anton van der Walls.
F.15     L to R: Benjamin Cowburn, Pierre Culioli.
F.16     Some of the forged forms, rubber stamps and signatures manufactured by the S.O.E. ‘false documents’ section.

Box 18
Glass plate negatives, some broken, from a variety of books.
F.1       “Shadow of a Spy”: Dutch birth certificate of George Blake, pp 64-65
F.2       “Shadow of a Spy”: Blake’s marriage certificate.
F.3       “Blake” files. Two portraits of George Blake, but only partial negatives of the same photographs published in “Shadow of a Spy”.
F.4       Portrait of Noel Field, which does not appear in any published book in the collection.
F.5       Five portraits of unidentified persons; one may be Kim Philby, but none appears in any published volume.
F.6       Negative of radio transmitter apparatus that US intelligence used in a Soviet staff car operating in the USA. Photograph has a caption, but does not appear in any of the published books in the collection.
F.7       Apparatus used by US Intelligence for up to 50 kg of anti-Soviet propaganda leaflets. The apparatus was attached to a balloon and floated over Soviet territory. Illustration not found in any of the published books.
F.8       Three photographs:  Man with ?bowler hat; George Blake?; Spy apparatus; unidentified usage.
None of these pictures appears as an illustration in any of the published books in the fonds.
F.9       Two photographs of groups of people, unidentified. Neither appears in any of the published books in the collection.
F.10     “History of the British Secret Service” (never published): Portrait of Sir Francis Walsingham (1587).
F.11     “History of the British Secret Service” (never published): Portrait of J. C. Ardagh.
F.12     “History of the British Secret Service” (never published): Portrait of Maj.-Gen. Charles E. Callwell.

Series 2
Published Newspaper and Magazine Articles. --1943-1976. -- 66 cm of textual records. -- Title based on content of series.
Box 19A
Note: Boxes 19A/B consist substantially of essays and newspaper/magazine articles, with and without typescripts. These originate from Cookridge’s files labeled “Own Articles” and are frequently pseudonymous. The original order had the published article separate from the typescript; as much as possible, they have been reunited. The more frequently used pseudonyms each have a separate file. Where articles and typescripts were collated under a "topic", e.g. "pets", the original order has been maintained.
F.1       “Geheimdienst Chef ohne Maske” Newspaper series on “Gehlen…”, in German. Series ran from February to April, 1974. Collection includes #s 7, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14. No publication information. Also, Panorama 21 March, 1974, article, “Geldmangel in Pullach…”
F.2       Series of 1,000 word essays, undated. Titles:
            Hitler’s Last Easter
            This is Hitler’s Last Fortress
            Three Men will rule Germany
            The Stage is Set for War Crimes Trials
            The Germans won’t get another Chance
            The Nazis Prepare their Alibis
            Nazis’ ‘Secret General Staff’
As well, there is background material for essays 5, 6, and 7, and for 5, “Riess, B. Escape for the War Criminals” Leader, Feb. 10, 1945, pp 7, 8.
All the above articles were published in daily newspapers under "E.H. Cookridge", mostly1943-45, and generally are propaganda on the decline of the Nazis. Other articles, on USSR: possible successors to Stalin, and collapse of Fascism in Italy. Typescripts and published article(s) fastened together in cataloguing.
Included are two British publications called “The Nazis at War”, #44, 26 January, 1943, and #47, 2 April, 1943, each 9 pages in length, and containing translations to English of "Materials on Germany Designed to Aid the Study of Men, Affairs, and Trends". The masthead also indicates that: "The material here presented is concerned with facts, recent and remote, bearing on the present world crisis. The quotations are throughout faithfully translated from authentic sources, German and non-German."
F.3       Articles by “E.H. Cookridge”, including an early draft of “The Red Rebel of Indo-China (about Ho Chi Minh)”, and a draft essay. Most articles are from daily newspapers, and published in 1946 and after.
F.4       Collection of columns called “Hard Facts About…” by “Ipa” (presumably Cookridge) from Leader magazine of September12, 1945 – August 24, 1946. In envelope; fragile.
F.5       Newspaper/magazine articles, and manuscripts published as “Peter Leighton”. They cover a range of topics often also covered in Cookridge’s books, but including justice and judges, elephant ivory and smuggling, and ephemera.
F.6       Series of newspaper articles published as “Albert Gurinc”. Found in Manchester Evening News February 2-5, 1953 as Trial by Terror. Articles deal with life in Communist countries.
F.7       Newspaper/magazine articles published as “Peter Morland”; some are undated, others are1946-1948. Topics: agriculture, food, medicine, New Year’s Honours. File includes published Bulletin121 of MAFF, 1945, “The Cultivation of Medicinal Plants.”
F.8       Three newspaper articles published as “Ronald Morland” in 1953. Topics: tramps (hoboes), excessive noise, taxis.
F.9       Newspaper articles published as “Ronald Reckitt”. Topics: Economics, resources.
F.10     Article written as “Oswald Ripps” on Gambling.
F.11     Newspaper/magazine articles published as “Edward H. Spire” from1945-1953. Topics: neurology; philately; postwar Japanese war trials; economics. For this pseudonym, see also Series 4 “Philately”
F.12     Newspaper articles published as “Edward H. Spiro” Topics: tourism, theatre, philately. For this name, see also Series 4 “Philately”.

F.13     Miscellaneous pseudonyms, and general topics covered under each pseudonym:
            1) John Baker – Employment.
            2) Alison Bury - Fakirs
            3) Bill Chaney - Psychology
            4) E. K. Chatham Smith - Manpower
            5) H. F. Church – Theft of Pets, Taxation; politics
            6) Captain Herbert Cooper – Middle East
            7) G. Fairchild – Marine exploration
            8) George Fairfield – Food supply
            9) Sylvia Gregg – Courtship
            10) John Gregory – Safety
            11) Muriel Harris – Fashion
            12) George Howard - Professions
            13) A. B. or B. Hutchinson – Trade, Food supply
            14) Joyce Lewis – English Traditions
            15) Capt. Kenneth Mills – Middle East,1947
            16) Ian Newbold – Cultural History
            17) Habak Orips-Smith – Church
            18) Raynham S. Parker – Matters Ecclesiastical
            19) Rayner Parker – Coffee
            20) R.W. Russell – Food
            21) Peter Taylor – Auctions
            22) Joan Trevor – Women’s Concerns
            23) E. Howard Spearman – Political Geography
            24) Clifford Tucker – International Politics
            25) Dorothy van Rose – Social Behaviour
            26) Wilfred Webster – Insurance
            27) Dr. Joseph Wender – Neurosis
            28) Michael Wentworth – Consumer Economics
            29) Ronald Wetherall – Crime
            30) Anonymous – Ballroom Dancing.

F.14     Writing anonymously, but catalogued under “own writings”, a few newspaper articles on a variety of topics, 1945-1953.
F.15     Newspaper article, relating to "How We Beat Hitler’s Spies": E. H. Cookridge, “An IOU was his Death Warrant” Sunday Dispatch Nov.18, 1945. The article indicates ‘Another Installment’ for the following week, but it is not in the fonds.

Box 19B
F.16     “Own Articles” Topic: “Pets” Some articles, with unmatched typescripts, and background information.
F.17     “Own Articles” Topic: “And So to Bed” (about ‘sleeping correctly’). Four typescript versions of this article, written over time, and each with a different pseudonym. There is no information about possible publication.
F.18     Three newspaper articles drawn from “Inside S.O.E.”, about Der Englandspiel (The England Game). Published in The Sunday Telegraph June19, 26, and July 3, 1966. See Series 1 in this fonds regarding the above title. There is also a newspaper article, in French, from L’Aurore, 4 Feb.1969 regarding “Set Europe Ablaze” (British Title: “Inside S.O.E.”), with a photograph of the participants in the 25th reunion of D-Day, including Cookridge.
F.19     Newspaper serials by various authors on Reinhard Gehlen. File contains the typescript of Cookridge’s articles drawn from Gehlen: The Spy of the Century, and xerox copies and originals, of the articles from The Daily Telegraph, the first on April 19, 1969. As well, the third article, which appeared 3 May, 1969 appears to be abbreviated.
F.20     Magazine serials by other authors about Gehlen. All were published later than Cookridge’s articles.
            1) Photocopy of two articles, in Spanish, by Reinhard Gehlen: Esclusivo: Un Documento Storico. A) Parla Gehlen La Superspia, and B) La Guerra Secreta con Berlino Est . Photocopy is very faint. From EP00A1155, 19 November, 1972.
            2) Quick ‘Exklusiv’ series. Die Gehlen-Story by Wilfred Ahrens and Paul W. Limbach. From Quick #s 41-48 inclusive, 1971. In German.
            3) Der Spiegel series: “Pullach Intern” by Hermann Zolling and Heinz Höhne. Fifteen articles on the history of the Bundesnachrichtendienst (German Secret Service), largely about Gehlen and the other security chiefs. Cookridge’s account is mentioned. In German.
F.21     Newspaper article derived from “Spy Trade”: The Strangest Trade in the World: Bartering Spies. Daily Telegraph, October 10, 1969. Includes copy of the ad for the article.
F.22     Newspaper series: “Secrets of Soviet Espionage” from The Leicester Evening Mail May 10-14, 17, 1954. Final copy of article in collection from the Sunday Sun of July 4, 1954
F.23     Typescript of five articles called “Delilahs of Today”, with the published copies from The Weekly Overseas Mail beginning March 5-9, 1953, and entitled “Women Spies”. ”. Additional draft manuscript on Rehab the Harlot in the Old Testament as a spy for Joshua.

F.24     “Treacherous Women” Ad for a series of six articles in The Sunday Mail May-July, 1959. The articles themselves are by ‘Edward Cookridge’.
F.25     “Mata Hari’s Daughter”: Two sets of typescripts (in envelope), ultimately published as four articles weekly in Reveille beginning November19, 1959. Included is genealogical and biographical information on ‘Mata Hari’ (Gertrude Zelle).
F.26     Two copies of The Daily Telegraph # 606, July 3, 1976 containing Articles 1 and 2 combined as a single story: “Amid This Susurration of Spies” pp.10-15.
F.27     German version of “Amid This Susurration of Spies”, called Inmitten von Spionen-Geflüster, published as three articles in Zurich’s Die Tat #282, Tuesday, Nov. 30, 1976, # 293, Monday, December13, 1976, and # 307, Wednesday, December 29, 1976. File contains original newspaper sheets, and xerox copies of articles.
F.28     “Amid This Susurration of Spies”, Manuscript versions of ‘Article 1’ and ‘Article 2’ which were later combined for the Daily Telegraph article.
F.29     Partial manuscripts, odd pages from Articles1 and 2 of “Amid This Susurration of Spies”.
F.30     “Amid This Susurration of Spies”: Correspondence: contractual, developmental, fiscal, and legal matters.

Box 20A
F.1       Stages of typescripts for the first of three magazine articles on the CIA, entitled “The Biggest Secret Service in the World” Published in the Sunday magazine of The Daily Telegraph #376:10-16, 14 January, 1972.
F.2       Stages of typescripts for second article on the CIA, “The Africa Dossier” Published in the Sunday magazine of The Daily Telegraph #377: 25-30, 21 January, 1972.
F.3       Stages of typescripts for the third article on the CIA, “Dead Letters in Salisbury”. Published in the Sunday magazine of The Daily Telegraph #378: 30-34, 28 January, 1972.
F.4       Typescripts of first drafts of essays entitled “Dutschke”, “Special Forces”, “Middle East” contained in the same box as the typescripts for F.1, 2, and 3, and similarly marked up, as were the first drafts of those three articles. The information in the essays may have been incorporated into the final published articles.
F.5       Series of four newspaper articles on the CIA published in Politican Sondag from Copenhagen between13 February and 5 March, 1972. in Danish. Original newspaper sheets, presumably translations of the Sunday Telegraph articles, and with some of the same pictures. See also correspondence in this box, F. 8.
F.6       Original issues of the Sunday magazines from The Daily Telegraph containing Cookridge’s CIA articles: “The Biggest Secret Service in the World”, “The African Dossier”, and “Dead Letters in Salisbury”, from January14, 21, and 28, 1972.
F.7       In Los Domingos de ABC Spanish translations of Cookridge’s CIA articles, but published 6, 13, and 20 August, 1972. Title of each: “La CIA al desundo”. File also contains a newspaper article from ABC Madrid, entitled “Heroicos Cubanos”.
F.8       Handwritten notes, correspondence regarding CIA articles, and also research to1978. Lists of CIA operatives, and some CIA operations to1971.
F.9       “Spies and Spying”
            1) Two sets of typescripts: first draft and final typescript for articles entitled “Spying” and “Security”. The Daily Telegraph published two articles on June15, 1973: “Espionage: Does the Spy Still Exist?” (#450:16-21) and “The Secret Way to Retaliate” (#450: 23-26). In the file is a third article by R. Palmer (not a Cookridge pseudonym) entitled “A Patsy in the Office.1) A Mike in the Ashtray: Industrial Espionage”
            2) Two issues of Blanco y Negro Vol 83 (3201) with the Palmer article translated into Spanish as: “Las Armas Secretas del Espionage Industrial” pp14-19. The second issue of the magazine, Vol 83 (3202):58-63 has Cookridge’s article “Los Estados se Vigilan” which the magazine regards as #2 in the series.
F.10     Magazine article “Four Roads to Dachau” from The Daily Telegraph #543: 26-34, April 25, 1975. File contains typescript of article, a typescript of Cookridge’s suggested additions, some background research material, correspondence about the article before and after its publication, speeches and programme for the memorial plaque ceremony at Dachau, faint Xerox pictures of Beekman and Plewman, and two copies of the magazine. [One of his most powerful pieces of writing.]
F.11     “The Secret Heroes” Two Daily Telegraph articles marking the 25th Anniversary of D-Day:
            1) ‘Private War of the Special Agents’ Daily Telegraph #242 May 30,1969
            2) ‘…and 51 Locomotives were Destroyed’ Daily Telegraph #243, June 6, 1969
File contains intact magazine for each story, and excised copy of each story, where #2 is incomplete.
F.12     “The Secret Heroes” Drafts and galley proofs of each article.
F.13     “The Secret Heroes” Background material: Handwritten notes about people mentioned; aide-memoire regarding Jacques Poirier and others; address to Col. Buckmaster from 20 May, 1969; several copies of La Vie de la Résistance, a monthly newspaper for former Resistance fighters, including July-August, 1964, and Special editions August, 1964 (two copies); January, 1965; part of Contre Presse from Feb 9, 1969, recounting the massacre at Tulle in 1944. Newspapers in French.

Box 20B
F.14     “The Secret Heroes”. Postwar information:
            1) Covering document by Raymond Picard regarding battalion movements for the FFCI military region at Toulouse. Sent to the General Commandant of the 5th Military Region at Toulouse on February 25, 1947. In French.
            2) Sections 1 and 2 of the battalion’s activities, losses, and operations from1941–Sept.1944, when the liberation of France occurred. In French.
            3) “Chefs et Liquidateurs des Anciens Réseaux des Forces Françaises Combattants” .Typed booklet containing names, code names, position, and current address of the battalion’s resistance fighters. Created June 1961. In French.
F.15     Organizing correspondence and feedback for the March 1969 tour of their regions of wartime action, and the reunion of a group of surviving French and British resistance fighters, sponsored by The Daily Telegraph in celebration of D-Day and the articles which appeared as “The Secret Heroes”. Mixture of French and English correspondence. Cookridge obtained most of the organizing letters from Vera Atkins and Lise Villamaure as background for the articles.
F.16     “Smuggling” by Peter Leighton. Daily Mail July 7, 1963. Drafts of manuscripts, envelope of related photographs, copy of first printed installment, background material, correspondence. Original submission by ‘Norman Moss’, and pseudonymous introductory letter to the Features Editor of the Daily Express.
F.17     “Smuggling” Draft Synopses by Peter Leighton, W. N. Dover, with draft articles by E. H. Cookridge. Also numerous newspaper clippings, some from the Press & Information Office of the House of Commons, where Cookridge worked. Included are several published articles on “Piracy” by another author.
F.18     “They Almost Escaped” by "Michael Wentworth". File includes correspondence with Rupert Crew, prospectus, synopses as ‘Michael Wentworth’, early drafts, final draft and six articles published weekly in Reveille, Dec. 8, 1958–Feb. 5, 1959.
F.19     “Were These Perfect Crimes?” by ‘Michael Wentworth’. Synopsis for series, typescript for three articles. Photocopies of five articles and a ‘teaser’, published in Tit-Bits October 24-November 21, 1959.
F.20     “Were These Perfect Crimes?” and “They Almost Escaped”. Background Material.
F.21     “The Spy Next Door” – Synopses of four articles by E. H. Cookridge and a proposed article by “Justin Atholl”. Correspondence, manuscript drafts, part of one published article.
F.22     “The Grimaldis” Two prospectuses for a series of newspaper articles by ‘E.H. Cookridge’, drafts of three articles, and published versions of two (beginning 16 April, 1956 in the Daily Mail. ). See also “The Grimaldis” in Series 5 and portions of the unpublished book, with genealogy, photographs, and partial chapters.
F.23     Several articles by Cookridge on German (WW II) and Soviet (Cold War) Spies. Date range:1945-1973.

Series 3
Legal Issues, Correspondence, Personal. -- 1957-1978. -- 34 cm of textual records. -- Title based on content of series.
Box 21A
F.1       “Blake…” Libel lawsuit by Prison Governor Hayes against Cookridge over statement that Blake had played bridge at the Governor’s home outside the prison walls whilst incarcerated. Correspondence, statement of claim, court statement, fiscal issues.1967-68; correspondence (1969) with Sean Bourke regarding Burke’s role in Blake’s escape.
F.2       “Kantorowicz. Prof. Alfred” regarding “Soviet Spy Net (Zentrale Moskau)” – Libel lawsuit launched by Prof. Alfred Kantorowicz against Cookridge, based upon Cookridge’s statements that Kantorowicz was a Soviet spy. Correspondence, some in German, and Cookridge’s findings when he attempted to substantiate his claims. 1959-61. Also in file, published information from the New Statesman 21 September, 1959, pp 339-340, Harrison, A.: “The Man Who Changed his Mind”; Freiheitsglocke #81, 1 October 1957, and #96, March 1959 (in German); Time Magazine 9 September, 1957, article on Kantorowicz entitled “A Surfeit of Lies”, p. 26; Die Zeit #15, 10 April 1959, Ja, ich war Kommunist , pp I, IV; Deutsche Fragen, 3 issues: Vol 5 (8) August, 1959, Vol 5 (5), May, 1959, and Vol 5 (3), March 1959.
F.3       “Evans, Dwye”. Correspondence about a possible lawsuit over ‘defamatory’ remarks published in The Bookseller by him, accusing Cookridge of ‘plagiarism’ and ‘flagrant exploitation’ in the matter of the title of Cookridge’s book on Kim Philby. Trower, Still & Keeling, 1968-69.
F.4       “The Third Man” – Sunday Times attempt to accuse Cookridge of plagiarism from a series on Philby written by their staffers. Discussion of errors in the text of the book, and of past political activities on the part of them both. 1968-69. Correspondents include: Sir Roger Chance, Rubinstein, Nash &Co., Arthur Barker Ltd., G. Eric R. Gedye, Col. C.H. Ellis, K. Friedmann (ex-husband of Philby’s second wife).
F.5       “The Third Man” – Attempt by Louis Franck to accuse Cookridge of defamation. Cookridge suggested in correspondence that this was part of the Sunday Times’ editor’s ongoing effort to undermine his reputation. Correspondents include: Simmons & Simmons, Arthur Barker Ltd., Oswald, Hickson, Collier &Co. 1968. There are other two other letters in the file, one from the Daily Telegraph (1968) and the other from Rubinstein Callingham (1976)
F.6       “Lindgren, Per, Major”. Articles he submitted in Swedish to Cookridge with a view to having them translated into English and published. Result unknown.
F.7       “Leschander, Walter L.” Correspondence, and two manuscripts.1960-61.
F.8       “Mader, Dr. J.” Correspondence1975-76, regarding the Scherz manuscript of “Gehlen”, publishing rights. Also Cookridge’s reply.
F.9       “Missions Spéciales (Inside S.O.E.)” Lawsuit against Cookridge and his publisher, Fayard, in France by Pierre Agapov about certain statements in the French translation which he claimed reflected badly upon him. Correspondence, accusation, judgements, all in French.
F.10     “Adventures in Stamp Collecting”, Cookridge as plaintiff: Letters regarding the publication of ‘Adventures…"; a lawsuit regarding the review of the book by Robson Lowe which suggested Cookridge was fraudulently offering known stamp forgeries for sale on the open market without advertising them as such,1964-66.
F.11     “Shadow of a Spy” Cookridge/European Copyright Co. as plaintiff, suing Die Welt for unauthorized publication of parts of the book before it was published in Britain. Many complexities in law were evident between the two countries, and a potential contract with Springer Verlag, which owned the newspaper at the time, apparently caused Cookridge to reconsider.
F.12     “Four Roads to Dachau”. Correspondence with Daily Telegraph, financial matters, notes, etc.
F.13     “Four Roads to Dachau”. Jean Overton Fuller leveled a charge of plagiarism against Cookridge, and tried to include the Daily Telegraph, which printed the article, regarding Noor Inayat Khan, one of the women executed at Dachau. Correspondence exists among the author the newspaper editor, the author’s agents, and his solicitors, presentation of demands, and the results of Cookridge’s investigations into the economic situation of the complainant. The end result was that Cookridge and his solicitors felt it would be unwise to pursue the case, because they would probably never see their money. For further information, see F.33 in box 21B and a 1975 letter to Vera Adkins.
F.14     “Gehlen…” Correspondence with the Daily Telegraph over the series of articles.
F.15     “Bartering Spies” Correspondence with the Daily Telegraph. Subject: Dr Vogel, the East German lawyer involved in many of the exchanges of spies during the Cold War.
F.16     “The Spies around Us”. Correspondence with the Daily Telegraph regarding the article, 1973.
F.17     “Farago, Ladislas”. Correspondence, newspaper article. In 1969, Cookridge and Farago contracted to co-author a book called “The Grey Hand” about Reinhardt Gehlen. The contract was canceled in1971, and each published his own book on Gehlen. In1972, Farago threatened to sue Cookridge for libel over a review of his book, and claimed Cookridge had used his material on Gehlen without permission.
F.18     “Melinda Maclean”. Correspondence with the Daily Telegraph, fiscal record, 1970. The article was never published.
F.19     “The Biggest Secret Service in the World”, the CIA Series. Correspondence, etc., with the Daily Telegraph.
F.20     “Oehmen, Hans-Clemens”. Correspondence1973-1979 some in English, some in German, some in both languages. Oehmen had worked for Gehlen, but was imprisoned by the Communists. Included in the file are two original letters from Dr. Vogel to Oehmen, which were smuggled into the prison strictly against regulations, and which Oehmen smuggled out in pieces.

Box 21B
Rupert Crew Co. Ltd., (Cookridge’s agents):
F.21     Correspondence:1960-61
F.22     Correspondence: 1962
F.23     Correspondence: 1963
F.24     Correspondence: 1964
F.25     Correspondence: 1965
F.26     Correspondence: 1966
F.27     Correspondence: 1967

F.28     Rubenstein, Nash & Co. – Letters regarding a matter with the Observer and David Frost, 1972
F.29     “History of the British Secret Service”. Correspondence 1961-67, mostly with Arthur Barker, Publishers.
F.30     “History of the British Secret Service”. Correspondence 1967-1978, including letters exchanged with Randolph Churchill and Mary Soames.
F.31     “Postwar Correspondence” arising from “Inside S.O.E.” from several individuals: Dame Irene Ward, Vera Adkins and Annette Weston re Harry Peulevé; Peter Churchill regarding a rumoured biography.
F.32     “Buckmaster, Col. Maurice”. Correspondence, largely regarding the publication of “Inside S.O.E.” and the reunion of the French Section for the 20th anniversary of D-Day; letter from Richard Christmann (1967) in German, complaining about Cookridge’s depiction of him in Versteckspiel mit dem Tod, the German version of “Inside S.O.E.”.
F.33     “Adkins, Vera” Correspondence, 1964-67, largely regarding the proposed reunion of the French Section. For other correspondence, see Box 19B, F.20; Boxes 20A, F.11 and 21B, F.31.
F.34     “Hart-Davis, Duff”. Correspondence regarding serialization of “Inside S.O.E.” in1966 in conjunction with its publication.
F.35     “Kindermann, Karl”. Correspondence regarding Cookridge’s “Zentrale Moskau” and Kindermann’s “Rom ruft Moskau”. Mostly in German.
F.36     “Passy” French Section code name; correspondence largely regarding “Inside S.O.E.”, including supporting documents.
F.37      “Miscellaneous Correspondence”, 1 June 1969-18 June 1975.
F.38     “Personal and Job-related Correspondence”1941-1945. Includes: Yorkshire Evening News, London Newspaper Services Ltd., Evening Standard.
F.39     Miscellaneous (largely negative) correspondence, Nov. 1973-April 1974:
            1) Letter from Librairie Fayard reminding Cookridge about a letter he had promised to write,
            2) Letter from Linder AG declining to reprint any of his books which had been translated into German,
            3) Tradesmen’s bill with several reminders for a minor amount of money,
            4) Small claims court decision against Spiro from a firm of private investigators, which elevated a bill of £12-40 to one of £16-60 with court costs,
            5) Letter from Lloyd’s Bank announcing a current account overdraft of £233-08, with a request for him to authorize a transfer of funds.
            6) Letter from Anstey of The Daily Telegraph in an optimistic tone.
            7) Letter from A.E. Pederson offering a "stringer" position for "Scandinavian News Letter". There is a copy of this letter in Box 84, Section 11, Envelope 2.
F.40     British Secret Service: Sikorski; Dr. Thorne’s Case (1970-72). Correspondence between Cookridge and K. C. Thorne over the truth of Rolf Hochhuth’s play: “The Soldiers”. Thorne provides copies of his own analysis of the1943 Liberator crash which killed Sikorski, and a deposition for the High Court as plaintiff against the publishing companies A. Deutsch Ltd., and Penguin Books, Ltd; he had assumed immediately, and with no provided evidence, that Sikorski’s death was murder. Cookridge had sent some of Thorne’s material to his lawyers (Rubenstein, Nash & Co.) to determine whether he could publish it legally. Mr. Rubenstein replied, noting that nothing in the communication was marked ‘confidential’; he also noted that he was the lawyer for the publishers in the complaint. In an abusive personal letter to Cookridge, Thorne accuses him of being in the pocket of MI 5. There is an essay by Thorne, as well, entitled “The British Ordensstaat, or, The System of Establishmentocracy,” pp 20-25 of some larger document. See also: Series 8, Box 52, Section 4: Poland, Envelope 5.
F.41     Financial documents, 1968.
F.42     Press Reviews of Cookridges' books: typescripts and typescript carbson, mimegraphs, one ms. draft. Blurb for "Inside S.O.E.", typescript, 1966.
F.43     List of books in Cookridge's personal library, ts. carbon
F.44     Biographical information.

Series 4
Philately. -- 1943-1976. -- 16 cm of textual records. -- Title based on content of series.
Box 22
F.1       Envelope containing Cookridge’s personal collection (from childhood?) of Registered Mail stickers, largely from Europe, but ranging from the USA to India. Internal evidence suggests he had an almost complete collection from pre-war Germany.
F.2       Reproductions of stamps from published sources, largely auction sale catalogues, which Cookridge used to illustrate his weekly column for Eagle magazine, 1964-1969. Selected examples.
F.3       Published colour copies of Swiss stamps, announcing issuing dates,1948-50; nineteen Swiss booklets,1965-1976, advertising First Day covers; 6” x 8” glossy photographs of British stamps commemorating British architecture (1978), and the first British Post Office miniature set (1980).
F.4       Book: Le Centenaire des Timbres-Poste Suisses, 1843-1943. Copy # 279 (of 500?). Edited “par la Direction Générale des Postes, Télégraphes et Téléphones Suisses (PTT), Berne. 61 pp, Hardbound, 25 x18 cm, 1 cm thick. Excellent quality of paper throughout. Illustrated in colour and black and white. No dust jacket; in ‘as-new’ condition.
F.5       “Reinatex” (1952). International Philatelic Meeting in Monaco, 26 April-4 May, 1952.
            1) Information booklet for attendees, in French.
            2) Bilingual (English and French) similar information book for the same meetings, but containing more detail than (1)
            3) Booklet: Chiavassa, H., 1955. Histoire de la Principauté de Monaco par Ses Timbres-Poste. No publication information. (8 ¾” x 5 ½” x 3/8”) (22.2 x14 x 0.9 cm), soft cover, thin page stock. Illustrated black and white, but some pictures excised (by Cookridge? See The Grimaldis in Series 5). In French.
F.6       Large Booklets:
            1) Gaudard, H.E., 1943. Die Bilder zu den Frankomarken der Ausgaben1936-1941. Generaldirektion PTT, Bern.18 pp. (29.5 x 21 cm), soft cover, thick, glossy paper stock. Illustrations all in colour. Excellent condition.
            2) English Translation of the above: Gaudard, H. E.1945. Designs for Swiss Postage Stamps Issues1936-1941. Generaldirektion PTT, Bern.18 pp, soft cover, thick stock glossy paper. Illustrations all in colour. Dimensions as for (1). On both copies, incomplete, but real stamps on cover, i.e. no denomination, and no ‘Helvetia’. Excellent condition. Comment: with paper in Europe in short supply and of generally poor quality during the War, all three books (Box 22, Files 4, 6) are remarkable, and probably rare.
F.7       Rupert Crew correspondence (1964-1969) regarding the weekly philately column Cookridge wrote for “Eagle” a boy’s magazine, during that period.

F.8       Typescripts for weekly column in “Eagle”, arranged in order of publication according to Cookridge’s own numbered lists. All mss. are typed except #s140, 141, and142. Missing are #s 2, 3, 7, 8, 71, 137,180, 214, and 237. Included are special columns: “Christmas” (21 November, 1967), “Sea and Seashore on Stamps”, and two quizzes. The original newsprint articles are in envelopes; the acid-free copies are numbered according to the original lists.

“Eagle” Stamp Articles, Original newspaper articles, and Xerox copies:
F.9       Year: 1964. The original newsprint articles are in envelopes; the acid-free copies are numbered according to the original lists
F.10     Year: 1965 The original newsprint articles are in envelopes; the acid-free copies are numbered according to the original lists.
F.11     Year: 1966. The original newsprint articles are in envelopes; the acid-free copies are numbered according to the original lists.
F.12     Year: 1967. The original newsprint articles are in envelopes; the acid-free copies are numbered according to the original lists.
F.13     Year: 1968. The original newsprint articles are in envelopes; the acid-free copies are numbered according to the original lists. Five articles from 27 April – 29 June are absent. They may never have been published.
F.14     Year 1969. The original newsprint articles are in envelopes; the acid-free copies are numbered according to the original lists. While the last published article was 19 April 1969, there were none from 15 February to 29 March that year. The earlier years, from 1 July 1965 to 1968, were all published at two-week intervals. Also dust jacket from his own book on stamp collecting, written as "E.H. Spire".
Series 5
Unpublished Manuscripts. -- 1941-1979. -- 1.95 m of textual records and graphic material. -- Title based on content of series.
Box 23
F.1       “Gedankenüber Mao-Tse-Tung’s Gedanken”, [Thoughts on Mao Tse Tung’s Thoughts] a handwritten translation from the Chinese of Lao Wu Sze (the author) by Karl Friedmann. In German. The handwriting is not Cookridge’s; apart from a single section written on lined notepaper, the manuscript is a photocopy with original emendations. Identity of "Karl Friedmann" not clear, but see “The Third Man” (Box 21A, File 4) and Series 8, Box 58, Section 2, Envelope P2C.
F.2       “Gedanken über Mao-Tse-Tung’s Gedanken” [Thoughts on Mao Tse Tung’s Thoughts], a typescript carbon copy, including the beginnings of an Index and a list of Figures. The typewriter used an Elite typeface, one that Cookridge did not use; handwritten emendations are in the same hand as the manuscript’s. 93 pp, double-spaced. In German. There is no accompanying correspondence to elucidate why Cookridge had the material, or the date. The storage envelope is dated October, 1974.
F.3       BEA ‘Comet’ Plane Crash, October 12, 1967. Envelope of privately taken photographs, possibly depicting Cypriot scenes, presumably taken by Cookridge in Feb. 1969, as he was looking into the hitherto unsolved mystery of the plane crash. Colour negatives present, in original envelope. There is a black and white photograph of a young man evidently torn out of a photograph album. None of the pictures is identified.
F.4       BEA ‘Comet’ Plane Crash, October 12,1967. Official photographs of the Republic of Cyprus from the Public Information Office in Nicosia. The black and white glossy prints depict scenery, and cultural activities. Some are aerial photographs. All pictures are identified.
F.5       BEA ‘Comet’ Plane Crash, October 12, 1967:
            1) Newspaper accounts from London papers of October 13, 1967 of the crash.
            2) Passenger Lists
            3) Cookridge’s compilation of file cards for each passenger.
            4) Photocopy of affidavit from a passenger who had traveled on the first leg of the flight from London to Athens.
            5) RAF Search and Rescue information, including some black and white official photographs, but not especially related to the Comet crash.
            6) Cookridge’s notebook of people and interviews in early 1969, when he went to Cyprus.
            7) Flight insurance policy proposal form, in someone else’s name.
            8) Maps of Cyprus, Nicosia, the site of the crash, etc.
            9) Business cards, addresses of contacts Cookridge made in Cyprus.
            10) Magazine article: Deeley, P.: “The Comet that Fell out of the Sky”. It deals with the accident, and a bomb (a high explosives detonator) carried by a passenger in cabin baggage, and inadvertently kicked. No publication information with the article.
            11) brief biographical sketches of the Executive branch of the Greek Cypriot Government.
            12) packet of material: Nicosian newspaper oF.27 October,1968, with a headline proclaiming the cause of the crash. In Greek.
            13) typescript called “The Secret of ‘Charley Oscar’” translated from the magazine ‘O Kosmos Simera (‘The World Today’), of October 3,1968.
            14) “The Fatal Bomb” translated from Asyrmatos (‘Wireless’), 27 October1968.
            15) postcard from Ledra Palace Hotel where Cookridge stayed (as Mr. Spiro).
            16) Copy of pages from typescript of Article 2 of Cookridge’s “The Secret War” published in The Daily Telegraph #606 as “This Sussuration of Spies”. See also Box 19B, Files 27, 29.
            17) Cookridge’s proposal to The Daily Telegraph for article(s) on the Comet crash, based on his research in Cyprus, and with an assumption of sabotage as the cause. See John Anstey’s reply in Box 23, File 4.
            18) Newspaper clippings, 1968-70 on the attempt to assassinate President, The Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus.
            19) Copy of Bulloch, J.: ‘The Cyprus power game’, 24 October, 1972.
            20) Newspaper article (not Xeroxed) on growing marijuana in Cyprus, 3 September, 1972
            21) Envelope of glossy b&w photographs of Cypriot scenes.
F.6       “B.E.A. Comet Crash, 12 October, 1967” Correspondence on subject 1968-69.
F.7       “Casinos” Prospectuses, five installments of proposed newspaper articles. No background research materials, no correspondence.
F.8       “Melinda MacLean” Stages of manuscript development, letter and editorial comments from George Kay, and Cookridge’s own notes which seem to be made after the article had been withdrawn. The article was withdrawn before publication (See Series 3, Box 21, F.18 for accompanying correspondence).

Box 24
F.1       “King Kong” – Xerox copies of Dutch newspaper articles on Lindemans, certified copy of his birth certificate, and two photographs, one of Lindemans, but unlabeled.
F.2       “King Kong”. Background material: newspaper clippings, photographs, carbon copy of Boeree, T.A. “Two Short Stories (with comment)” regarding the Battle of Arnhem. Owner: Brig. W. F.K Thompson.
F.3       “King Kong”. Draft manuscript of story of Christiaan (“King Kong”) Lindemans.
F.4       “King Kong”. Near final-draft copy of proposed book/play about Lindemans.
F.5       “King Kong.” Partial drafts, research notes, random typescript pages, some biographical information on Lindemans.
F.6       “Diamonds”. Correspondence, synopses of proposed book.
F.7       “Diamonds”. Rough and later drafts of Chapters 7 and 8 only.
F.8       “Diamonds”. Background newspaper clippings, advertising booklets from some diamond mining companies, e.g. De Boers.
F.9       “Gibraltar (1940-1942)”. Proposed article for The Daily Telegraph. File includes correspondence with both Montgomery Hyde and Anstey of The Daily Telegraph, newspaper clippings (postwar), duplicate draft proposal, three, 2 cancelled stamps, and one stamped postcard. The correspondence with Montgomery Hyde discusses the possibility of a collaboration with him, or perhaps with John Ziegler of the USA.
F.10     “The Greatest Steal in History”. File consists of a letter (1964) from Arthur (?) Kent suggesting the title and possible topics, four-page typed prospectus for a story, and two single typed pages with related outlines from a much earlier period.
F.11     Typescripts for two essays in non-journalistic style, the first written by “Christopher Daybell”, the second anonymous, but probably both by Cookridge. Unpublished, as unfinished.

Box 25A
F.1       Synopses of a proposed book called “The Bleicher Story”, by Hugo Bleicher and E. H. Cookridge.
F.2       Background and interview notes for “The Bleicher Story”; also biographical notes on Bleicher, in German.
F.3       First draft, complete (?) of “The Bleicher Story”
F.4       Second draft (partial) of “The Bleicher Story” numbered ‘3’: chapters 6, 7, and unnumbered.
F.5       “The Birth of a Volcano” Article by ‘Peter Leighton’. Proposal, several drafts, illustrations. Original draft as ‘Edward H. Spiro’.
F.6       “Treasure” Proposal for article by ‘Peter Leighton’ with several drafts. Also draft articles as ‘ George van Wende’, ‘H.F.Church’, ‘Robert de Witt’, ‘E.H. Cookridge’, ‘C. Tucker’, ‘Michael Wentworth’, ‘Richard Williams’, Ronald Reckitt’, and ‘J. M. Michaelson’. Note: The draft article by ‘C. Tucker’ is on letterhead of the “Fleet Street Union”, which lists “Clifford Tucker, Capt. Kenneth Mills, Joan Trevor, George Fairfield, H. F. Church, and R. W. Russell” – all pseudonyms of Cookridge’s. File also contains partial drafts and background material, some Xeroxed from loose material in file.
F.7       “Fortune Telling” – Draft articles on fortune telling, written as Oswald Ripps and Madam Orion. Photocopies of background newspaper articles, and a pamphlet by Noel Jacquin: “Look at your hands now!”
F.8       “Frauds” – Drafts of a proposed series of articles on great frauds, written as ‘Peter Leighton’. Earliest proposal has author’s name as ‘Norman Moss’. Also background material, handwritten notes, some photocopied.
F.9       “Old Synopses” ‘E.H. Cookridge’ as author. Proposals, outlines for newspaper articles.
F.10     “Old Synopses” in which no ‘author’ is listed. Consists of summaries, proposals for newspaper articles.
F.11     “Old Synopses” – Pseudonymous summaries, proposals for newspaper articles. Some known to have been published (see Series 2). The following is a list of pseudonyms used in this file, with a general indication of the topics covered:
Allsopp, K. (Kenneth): General, Economics
Baker, John: Personnel, Jobs
Chaney, Bill: Poliomyelitis
Chatham Smith, E.K.: Industrial Production
Church, H. F.: Science, Natural Medicines, Economics, General
Cooper, Capt. Herbert: Africa
Craddock, Neil: Fraud
De Witt, Robert: Khruschev
Dixon, John: Common Cold
Edwards, E. S., Gerald, or Frank: Science
Fairfield, George: Food, Natural Studies (see Series 2)
Grant, Major E. P. S.: India
Gregg, Sylvia: Human Interest
Gregory, John: Safety (cf Series 2)
Gurinc, Albert: Soviet Union
Hamilton, Curtiss: U. S, Politics
Harris, Muriel: Movies
Houtzamer, Dr. Walter: Poliomyelitis
Hutchinson, A. B. or Bertil: Food, Agriculture, Exports
Kay, F.G.: Baby Boom
King, Anthony D.: Crime
Leighton, Peter, or Peter S.: General
Lewis, Joyce: Domestic Matters
Michaelson, M.: Race Horses
Mills, Capt. Kenneth: India (cf Series 2)
Morland, Peter: Food, Consumerism
Morland, Ronald: General
Newbold, Ian: Technology
Oldham, Squadron Leader F.G.: Aerial Mapping
Parker, Raynes or Raynham: Coffee, International Issues
Pinner, F.G.: Movies
Power, C. A.: Women, Politics
Reckitt, H. R.: International Matters
Reckitt, Ronald, or E. Ronald: General
Riegel, Stanford G.: Economics
Ripps, Oswald: Gambling, etc.
Russell, R. W.: General, Linguistics, Technology, Science
Spire, Edward, or E. H.: Medicine
Trevor, Joan: Music, Domesticity
Tucker, Clifford: Psychology, International Matters, General
Webster, S. E.: Film Extras
Webster, Wilfred: General Suggestions Only
Wender, Dr. Joseph: Medicine
Wentworth, Michael: Commerce
Weatherall, Ronald: Common Cold

Box 25B
F.12     “Old Synopses” – Envelope labeled “Political”: article, proposals, summaries.
F.13     “Old Synopses” – Envelope labeled “Empire” Proposals, summaries. Envelope of photographs for “Sudan” article consisting of desert scenes, etc of upper Nile region. No evidence of the article itself.
F.14     “Nor Iron bars a Cage” – book proposal, letters, newspaper clippings, other research material for book about prisons.
F.15     Proposed articles on aspects of the leadership of the Soviet Union and their activities.
F.16     “Nazi Spies in Britain” Synopsis of a series: German Military material (bills for services), a letter to the Daily Mail editor (1971) proposing a series which would scoop the Daily Express. Xerox copies of Daily Express article(s), reviews of book by Ladislas Farago on Nazi Spying in Britain. Copy of apparent "minutes" of a Nazi conference in Berlin, 10 November, 1937 taken by ’Oberst Hossbach’, 11 pages, in English.
F.17     “The Skin-Deep Art”. Proposed book on Tattooing. Includes correspondence, proposal, background material. Not related to “Confessions of a Tattooist” by George Burchett and Peter Leighton.
F.18     “Encyclopedia of Espionage and Secret Service”. Synopses, proposals, correspondence with various publishers. In envelope: (Gestetner) typescript copy of “Miles Copeland’s Guide to Spies and Counter-Spies, London, 1973”, labeled ‘Home Copy’. It was found in another portion of the archive, but is relevant to this file, and to Cookridge’s manuscript of “The History of the British Secret Service”, q.v. Also draft I of an historical essay on WW I and German spies which reflects the probable content of a proposed encyclopedia.
F.19     “Sparks Across the Atlantic” radio or TV drama proposed by Cookridge. Background material includes a copy of “The Tide of Fortune” by Stefan Zweig, in translation, 1955 edition. Several stages of script writing are also included, and the latest are marked as being copyrighted until after Dec. 1, 1953. No indication in the file that it was actually broadcast.
F.20     “Trapping the Smugglers” by “Norman Moss”. Correspondence with editors from the “European Copyright Company, Ltd” – which was Cookridge himself. Included is a first draft, and background newspaper clippings. An article was published in Daily Mail, July 7, 1963. Also in file is an article by E.H. Cookridge entitled “Contraband Reaches Highest Total in History”, and some background material.
F.21     “The Spy Next Door”. Synopsis of a proposed book, and manuscript of two chapters, correspondence, an envelope of six 6” x 8.5” black and white photographs of residences of known spies, and background notes.

Box 26A
F.1       “Casinos”. Prospectus, correspondence, general background notes, newspaper clippings.
F.2       “Casinos”. Brochures and background information on individual European casinos. Newspaper articles on the casinos at Nice and Cannes, their habitués, robberies, etc. See also “The Grimaldis” and the casino at Monte Carlo.
F.3       “Nazi Spies in Britain”. Synopsis, drafts, correspondence, photographs, and background notes.
F.4       “Nazi Spies in Britain”. Data from the Bundesarchiv; photocopies.
F.5       “Nazi Spies in Britain”. Twelve articles by Ladislas Farago from the Daily Express October15-30, 1971.

“Trotsky” : (Boxes 26A-28A)
F.6       Title pages for the final chapter arrangement of the book. These are Xerox copies; the originals have been placed with the individual chapters in later files.
F.7       Drafts of Introduction to the books, handwritten and then typed with notes.
F.8       Chapter1: ‘The Warning’. Two typed draft manuscripts with notations.
F.9       Chapter 3: ‘The Infiltrators’. Two typed draft manuscripts with notations.
F.10     Chapter 4: ‘The Stool-Pigeons’. Typed draft manuscript with notations.
F.11     Chapter 5: ‘Spanish Inferno’. Typed draft manuscripts with notations, with some drafts only sections of the chapter.
F.12     Chapter 6: ‘The Executioners’. Typed partial draft with notations.

Box 26B
F.13     Chapter 7: ‘A Summer in Paris’. Two typed draft manuscripts with notations, and four stages of typed notes for the chapter.
F.14     Chapter 8: ‘Prelude to Murder’. Typed draft manuscript and chapter notes, both with notations.
F.15     Chapter 9: ‘Murder Bungled’. Two typed draft manuscripts, one with notations.
F.16     Chapter 10: ‘The Disappearance of Sheldon Harte.” Two typed draft manuscripts with notations.
F.17     Chapter 11: ‘The Corpse at Santa Rosa’. Three typed draft manuscripts with notations.
F.18     Chapter 12: ‘The FBI Steps In’. Typed draft manuscript with notations.
F.19     Chapter 13: ‘The Killing’. Typed draft manuscript with notations.
F.20     Chapter 14: ‘The Killer’s Story’. Typed draft manuscript with notations.
F.21     Chapter 15: ‘The Cover Falls Apart’. Typed draft manuscript and partial manuscript with notations.
F.22     Chapter 16: ‘The Mind of the Assassin’. Two typed draft manuscripts and three sections, all with notations.
F.23     Chapter 16: Background material including correspondence and two photographs.
F.24     Chapter 17: ‘Meandering Justice’. Typed draft manuscript with notations and discarded partial typed manuscript.
F.25     Chapter 18: ‘The Model Prisoner’. Typed draft manuscript with notations.
F.26     Chapter 19: ‘The identification’. Typed draft manuscript with notations.
F.27     Chapter 20: ‘Aftermath’. Typed draft manuscript with notations.
F.28     Contents of original folder labeled: ‘The Death Warrant’ Blunkin Pirgers. This refers to Chapter 2 of the book. There are background notes and some typed material.
F.29     Contents of original folder labeled, ‘Initial Drafts for Various Chapters’.
F.30     Contents of a file labeled ‘Discarded Manuscripts’.
F.31     Portions of manuscript with no indication of chapters.

Box 27
F.1      Background and handwritten notes, some of which are chapter-specific.
F.2      Newspaper clippings on Trotskeyites, communism and Soviet spies. First file of background research for the book.
F.3      Continuing newspaper clippings, articles on the Spanish Civil War, WRP articles, short, piecemeal bibliographic list compiled by Cookridge. Second file of background material.
F.4      Third file of newspaper articles for background research on the book.
F.5       Fourth file of background research material. It consists of published material including:
            1) “Lenin: A Collection of Contemporary Documents” by Anthony Cash. Jackdaw #113 Folder containing a miscellany of papers, some in Russian.
            2) “The Russian Revolution: A Collection of contemporary documents” by Anthony Cash. Jackdaw #42. Folder containing a miscellany of papers, some in Russian.
            3) “Russian Revolution1917: Socialist Challenge”
            4) An article, in Spanish, by Dr. Alphonso Quiroz L. concerning the psychiatric examination of Trotsky’s assassin.
            5) Seth, Ronald, 1967. Extract from “The Story of SMERSH”, Chapter 6: ‘The Disappearing Generals’. Cassells, London, pp 40-49.
            6) Orlov, Alexander, n.d., “The Secret History of Stalin’s Crimes” Extracts from Chapter18: ‘The Denunciation’, pp 212-215, 220-221, 224-225.
            7) Anonymous: pages from a book on the cross examination of Mercator, Trotsky’s assassin.
            8) Trotsky, Natalia, Sedova, n.d. Original article: “Father and Son”. No publication information; paper resembles that of Intercontinental Press.
            9) Trotsky, N. S. Article: “How It Happened”, ___? International May, 1941.
            10) Trotsky, Leon, n.d, “Leon Sedov: Son, Friend, Fighter” A Young Socialist Pamphlet. No publication information. Pamphlet includes two other articles: Trotsky, L. “Was Leon Sedov Murdered?”, and Trotsky, N.S.. “Father and Son”. Original pamphlet.
            11) Frankland, M., 1979. “Trotsky, the Lost Leader” Observer Magazine pp 32-41, 21 October, 1979.
            12) Gorkin, Julian. Introductory papers from translated book (pp xi – xix) “Murder in Mexico”. No publication information.
            13) Hansen, J.1978 “New Puzzles in Reported death of Trotsky’s Assassin” Intercontinental Press 16 (44):1296, November 20.
            14) Complete issue of Intercontinental Press 15 (24), June, 1977.
F.6       “Trotsky”. A photocopy of the complete book/article: Goldman, Alfred, The Assassination of Leon Tolstoy: the Proof of Stalin’s Guilt. Copy includes 73 pp, with introductory material.
F.7       Published material:
            1) Booklet:  Security and the Fourth International: An Investigation into the Assassination of Leon Trotsky.1976. Labor Publications, Inc., New York, NY. 138 pp. Two sections marked (by Cookridge), both “Sheldon Harte”.
            2) Booklet: Pennington, R.1976? Revolutionary Socialism: why and how? International Marxist Group, Publishers: Relgocrest Ltd., London. 32 pp. Includes meeting notice for speech by Luis Corvalan of Chile’s Communist Party, dated 1976.
            3) Issue of: Accomplices of the GPU . 24 pp. Adjunct document to the 4th International, and most of the articles are already in files as separate documents.
            4) Issue of: Trotsky’s Assassin is at Large. 40 pp. Adjunct document to the 4th International.

Box 28A
F.1       Note: Files1-4 are in Spanish, with occasional pages in French. They were all together in a loose-leaf binder entitled “Quiroz Documents”. Quiroz was the psychiatrist at Ramon Mercator’s trial for the assassination of Trotsky. The numbered pages are clearly excerpted from a much larger document. This file contains a) glossy 8”x10” printed of original autopsy morphometrics on a male human. Subsequent pages deal with psychological and psychiatric references and analyses. Several French pages are present regarding the Fourth International. The conclusion is that these are excerpts from court documents from the trial of Ramon Mercator, Trotsky’s assassin. Included are pp 464-471, 568-584. File1 is labeled “Part I”. See also several rolls of 35 mm film negatives, which may be the autopsy report (in Spanish) on Troksky's body in Box 86.
F.2       Court documents from Mercator’s trial, pp. 635-697, 802-843. File is labeled “Part II”
F.3       Court documents from Mercator’s trial, pp. 909-914, 946-950, 1146-1162, 1214-1222, 1236-1237. File is labeled, “Part III”.
F.4       Court documents from Mercator’s trial, pp.1252-1319. File is labeled, “Part IV”.

“The Grimaldis”:
F.5       Outlines of proposed series of articles by ‘Edouard Orips’, edited by Robert Wraight. There are six outlines.
F.6       Proposals for a series of articles by ‘Edouard Orips’. There are four installments and a draft manuscript. Two of the installments are in final form.
F.7      Synopsis of a book: “The Curse of the Grimaldis”, by Edward Orips. There are eight versions.
F.8       Prospectuses for a book which had two proposed titles: “The Curse of the Grimaldis” and “The Grimaldi Inheritance” by E.H. Cookridge.
F.9       Proposal, synopsis and correspondence for a book jointly written by Cookridge and Raymond Palmer.
F.10    Synopsis of book, October 1963.
F.11    Early draft outlines of two versions of the book.
F.12     Draft typescript of book’s Chapter 6: ‘Lucien’s Fratricide’.
F.13     Early and final drafts of the book’s Chapter 4: ‘Fratricide and Anarchy’.
F.14     Early and final drafts of the book’s Chapter12: ‘The English Princess’.
F.15     Early and final drafts of the book’s Chapter13: ‘Scandal at the Opera’.
F.16     First, revised and final drafts of the book’s Chapter 20: ‘The Wedding of the Century’.
F.17     Miscellaneous typed pages.
F.18     Background research materials which give the ‘atmosphere’ of Monaco:
            1) Tourist brochures about the principality.
            2) Copy of The Riviera Sun 3 (11):16 pp, June 2-16, 1961.
            3) Complete issue of Semana 39 (2,003) for July 8, 1978, with article about Princess Caroline. In Spanish.
            4) Information about the casino, the training of croupiers.
            5) Draft of an article by E. H. Spiro on Europe’s casinos, with a note indicating its suitability for the Grimaldi book. See also “Casinos” in Box 26A, F. 2.
F.19     Correspondence, including circumstantial history of why the book was never published. Letters, 1956-1978.

Box 28B
F.20     Historical information:
            1) Typescript of abbreviated genealogical history of the family, including letters on the subject from Georges Spiro, E.H. Cookridge’s brother, who lived next door to one of the Grimaldi châteaux near Nice, France. In German.
            2) Packet of mock-ups of plates for the book, and a set of xerox copies. Also a set of plates not used in the book (x2).
            3) Envelope containing 4 acetate negatives which were used for individual photographs for the book; all the negatives were produced from already-published photographs.
            4) Black and white glossy photographs of the current Grimaldi family (1961-1978).
            5) Six Monegasque postage stamps, probably from Cookridge’s own personal collection, and a b&w photograph of them in montage. There is also a First-Day Cover with three stamps celebrating the marriage of Prince Rainier and Grace Kelly, dated April 19,1956. Information elsewhere indicates this is one of a limited number of covers.
            6) Assortment of published photographs from which the book illustrations were copied.
            7) A few typescript pages by Cookridge, in English, outlining the genealogical information already present in German.
            8) Newspaper articles about members of the wider family.
F.21       Background material on the Royals,1956-1978, documenting the marriage, birth of children, and the marriage of Princess Caroline.
F.22    Notes, newspaper articles on the famous/infamous and their Monegasque connections, e.g. Aristotle Onassis, Winston Churchill, Bea Lillie, Lady Docker, etc.
F.23     Bibliography, handwritten, of source books on Monaco. Some notes definitely in Cookridge’s handwriting.

“History of the British Secret Service”: (Boxes 28B-30A)
F.24     Chapter 2: "The First Thousand Years". Typed draft with copy editor’s emendations. 29 pages. Also a typed sheet of notes.
F.25     Chapter 3: "Under the Tudor Despots". Typed draft with handwritten revisions, 24 pages, plus two pages of notes and bibliography.
F.26     Chapter 4: "Elizabeth’s Moor". Typed draft with revisions. Fifty pages, plus four pages of Bibliography and notes. Complete carbon copy of the typed draft with copy editor’s revisions, 51 pages in length. There is a note from the copy editor attached to the emendations.
F.27    Chapter 5: "Top Secret Service of the Dynasts". Carbon copy with copy editor’s revisions, 30 pages, missing Page 29. Also typed draft with revisions, 31 pages, plus 3 pages of notes and bibliography.
F.28    Chapter 6: "Cromwell’s Spymaster". Carbon copy with copy editor’s revisions and comments, 17 pages. Also typed draft with revisions, 17 pages with four pages of notes and bibliography.
F.29     Chapter 7: "Serving the Libertine and the Puritan". Carbon copy of 54 pages with revisions and comments by copy editor. Also typed draft with revisions, Pages1-53, including14A, plus seven pages of notes and bibliography.
F.30     Chapter 8: "Against the Pretender and the Bourbons". Carbon copy of 25 pages with revisions and comments by copy editor. Also typed draft with revisions, 25 pages plus four pages of notes and bibliography.
F.31     Chapter 9: "The Dawn of the British Empire". Carbon copy with revisions and copy editor’s comments including a note that page 27 (of 40) is missing. Typed draft with revisions, 40 pages long with 6 pages of notes and bibliography.
F.32     Chapter 10: Possible Title: "The Challenge of the New World", or, perhaps "Against American Independence". Carbon copy, 40 pages, with copy editor’s revisions and comments. Also typed draft with revisions, 40 pages plus 9 pages and notes and bibliography.
F.33     Chapter 11: "Eden". Carbon copy with revisions and comments by copy editor who has written the note, “Pages missing?” at the end. There are 26 consecutively numbered pages, but the last ends with an incomplete sentence. The typed draft with revisions is 26 pages long, with five pages of notes and bibliography.

Box 29A
F.1       Chapter 12: "Pitt’s Gold". Formerly Chapter 11. Carbon copy, 45 pages, with copy editor’s revisions and comments. There is a note attached from the copy editor. There is also a typed draft with revisions of 45 pages, with 6 pages of notes and bibliography. There are two more notes from the copy editor: one dated 29/5/73 hinting for remuneration with is apparently overdue, and a second one concerning Chapters 14-17, with proposed changes.
F.2      Chapter 14: "The Birth Pangs of Modern Intelligence". Carbon copy of 35 pages, with copy editor’s revisions and comments. Also a typed draft of 35 pages, but with no notes or bibliography.
F.3      Chapter 15: "The Wolseley Ring". Carbon copy of typed draft with copy editor’s revisions and comments. There are 51 pages, with note from the copy editor that “final page(s) missing.” There is also a typed draft of 52 pages.
F.4       Chapter 16: "The Brackenbury Era".  Carbon copy of typed draft of 51 pages, with copy editor’s revisions and comments. The typed draft consists of 51 pages, but there are no notes or comments.
F.5       Chapter 17: "At the Turn of the Century". Carbon copy of typed draft with copy editor’s revisions and comments. It consists of pp 1-53, with p. 38 missing. There is also a copy editor’s note on page 53, that following pages are missing. The typed draft (top copy) has 54 pages, but no notes or bibliography.
F.6       Carbon copy of draft manuscript, marked up, with footnotes at the end of each chapter. Draft consists of Chapters 2-16, in envelopes with 2 chapters per envelope. Numbered Parts I-VII.
F.7      Carbon copy of draft essentially identical to that in F.6, but largely without markup. Some chapters have separate footnotes. In this set of chapters, there are two bodies of information labeled ‘Chapter 11’, but none called ‘Chapter 12’. Chapters 13-16 lack footnotes. Chapters 15, 16 show evidence of some copy editing. File contains envelopes with two chapters per envelope, and entitled ‘Parts I-VII.

Box 29B
F.8       Early 30-page draft of "Against Bolshevism", labeled ‘Chapter 8’ and its copy-edited carbon copy. Includes handwritten notes, but no footnotes.
F.9       First draft, notes, discarded pages, background material for Chapter 2: "Early History to Henry VII"
F.10     First draft, entitled ‘Henry VIII, Elizabeth’, with notes to copy editor, some bibliography, miscellaneous essays, e.g. Walsingham, the Tudors, etc.
F.11    "The Secret Service of the Dynast"; First draft typed manuscript with revisions and notes. Originally this was to be Chapter 3; it later became Chapter 5.
F.12     First draft, entitled "Charles I, Cromwell (Thurloe)", and research notes, and notes to copy editor.
F.13     First draft concerning Charles II, James II, William and Mary, in the period 1660-1702. Note: some notes drafted on the reverse of advertisements about "Inside S. O.E."
F.14     First draft material called "From the Restoration to Marlborough". It includes and goes beyond the material in 29-13. The material consists of partial typed drafts, both with markups. The first section is numbered C36-C43; the second is C 55-C 62 inclusive.
F.15     First draft of material covering 1710-1815: Queen Anne (1702-1714), George I (1714-1727), George II (1727-1760), George III (1760-1820; covers the Regency period after 1811), the War of Independence in America, the French Revolution, and the Napoleonic Wars. There are three essay-style typed manuscripts, plus notes.
F.16    "The Birth Pangs of Modern Intelligence"; First draft, typed, with revisions including cut-and-paste. Written on scrap paper.
F.17     "The Wolseley Ring". First draft, typed, with revisions including cut-and-paste. Typed on scrap paper.
F.18     "The Brackenbury Era". First draft, typed, with revisions, including cut-and paste. Typed on scrap paper.

Box 30A
F.1      "At the Turn of the Century". First draft, typed, with revisions and cut-and-paste. Typed on scrap paper.
F.2       "The Kaiser’s Spies". First draft, typed, with revisions and cut-and-paste. Includes a typed section on Lody.
F.3       First draft of partial chapter, probably for "The Code-Breakers". Some revisions, short notes.
F.4       First draft of “The C.I.D.” but incomplete, although there are revisions.
F.5       Two early, misnumbered typescripts on Nazi espionage.
F.6       Unidentified early draft pages, possibly from "Birth Pangs…" or "The Wolseley Ring"
F.7       Background notes for late18th century-early19th century chapters. Material relating to Jacobins, and period British intelligence information copied from a variety of identified authors. Some handwritten notes.
F.8       Notebook, clippings, articles, notes on various chapters:
            1) School notebook with handwritten information on late19th century British intelligence personnel.
            2) Newspaper clippings from the1930s on counter-espionage,
            3) Published article excised from journal on ‘The Christopher Marlowe Murder’ (Criminologist’s Quarterly, Spring 1970: 37-50).
            4) Variety of handwritten notes, single pages relevant to the ‘History…’
            5) Bulloch, J. “The last word on Spies and Spying” and LeCarré, J. “Vienna: In search of a lost spy story. Weekend Telegraph, 1966, pp 13-26.
F.9       Three strips of paper with notes from a file labeled “British Intelligence”.
F.10     General notes and background material for the book. Some correspondence.
F.11     Handwritten draft footnotes for the various chapters to Chapter 10. Also organizational repro chart of the British Secret Service from his own book, The Third Man.
F.12     Prospectuses for articles about Secret Service work, 1946 and following.
F.13     Handwritten bibliographic lists, published lists of bibliographic resources of various kinds, and a list of postcards, with prices, available from the National Portrait Gallery.
F.14     Handwritten notes from scattered periods to the 1970s on trials, etc. relating to the topic.

Box 30B
F.15     “Government Fortune Teller”. Professional hired by the Bulgarian government. Typescript only.
F.16     “Salvation Army”. Outline for article on the appointment of the new General (1946).
F.17     “Gipsies” (Gypsies), disappearance of. Typescripts by ‘Sydney Duncan’ and ‘Clifford Tucker’. Context suggests that one draft dates from before the end of World War II. Background material: newspaper clippings, articles, from 1937
F.18     “Gambling Fever”. Typescript (Nov. 1967) and background material about the craze for bingo in Britain.
F.19     “Fake Degrees”. Two typescripts, synopsis for two articles, both with no bylines (so presumably to be published as ‘E. H. Cookridge’). Some newspaper clippings.
F.20     “Ghost Kings”. Typescript, postwar newspaper clippings on various former royalty, and claimants, of several kingdoms of Europe, some of which changed their form of government, e.g. Albania, Britain (claimants to royalty and to nobility), Austria, Spain, France, etc.
F.21     “Ships’ Cemetery”. Drafts of articles by ‘R.W. Russell’ (or ‘W.R.) on the treacherous Goodwin Sands off Kent, and an account of shipwrecks which had occurred there up to1946.
F.22     “Black Museum of Crime”. Synopsis of article and background clippings from envelope “Scotland Yard Black Museum”, and an envelope of various photographs. See also ‘Peter S. Leighton’ ‘Black Museum’ in Box 19A, File 5. No typescript.
F.23     Doing Time – and Wasting It” by ‘A.B. Hutchinson’, ‘E.K. Chatham Smith’ and ‘Michael Wentworth’. Typescripts about prisons and the concept of introducing factory labour for prisoners. Both the Chatham Smith and Wentworth articles were published (see Box 19A, File13). The present file contains the Hutchinson prospectus and typescript, and the envelope which contained all three typescripts.
F.24     “Palestine’s Secret Societies” by ‘E.H. Cookridge’ or ‘Capt Herbert Cooper’. Typescript subtitled, “Terrorists Who Stop at Nothing.” Typescript drafts only.
F.25     “Prisons-Borstals” by ‘Joan Trevor’, writing on correctional institutions for women. Two typescripts, possibly for a series. Newspaper clippings, articles, and published booklets, viz:
            1) Statutory Rules and Orders – Borstal Institutions.193, No. 191. 33 pp. Published by His Majesty’s Stationery Office, London, Edinburgh, Manchester, Cardiff, and Belfast.
            2) Statutory Rules and Orders. 1938 No. 6781, page. Concerns rewording of penalty measure.
            3) Statutory Rules and Orders. 1945 No.1107, 4 pp. Concerns rules for officers. Publication information for all booklets as for 1).
F.26     “The Hidden Treasures of Europe”. Typescript by ‘George van Wende’.
F.27     “These Women were Devils”. Typed drafts of two articles in a proposed series, “Blackmail Queen Gilded Prison Angel’s Wings”. No byline.
F.28     “The Return of the Ku-Klux-Klan” by ‘Ronald Reckitt’ and ‘Raynham Parker’. File contains typescripts by each ;’author’, a prospectus for the Parker article, plus background material from an accompanying envelope.
F.29     “The Baronet Vanishes” by ‘Peter S. Leighton’. Final; prospectus and typescript article. Background material includes articles about other mysterious disappearances.
F.30     Cookridge Manuscripts about Nazi Spies and British Double Agents: ‘Germany Disgorges her Secrets of Science’; ‘How Our Super Sleuths Are Tracing Nazi Criminals’; ‘The Danish Countess’; ‘Wave of Forgery Sweeps Europe’; ‘Nazis Going Underground’; ‘The Spy Ring of the Pretty Red Head’ (plus the outline, entitled: ‘Delilahs of Today’); ‘Where Are They Now?’ – on post-Nuremberg Nazis; ‘The East End Girl and the Baroness’ – on Lydia von Stahl; untitled, beginning with Old Testament spies; Introduction to ‘One Service; Many Names’.
F.31     Cookridge Manuscripts on Russian Spies: ‘Kuznetsov – Marshall’ (1952); ‘The Dr. Noble Case’ (1953); ‘The Clarence Case’ (1954); ‘De Havillan – Gudkov – Pupyshev Case’ (1954); ‘Suggestions for the Interview with E.H. Cookridge’ (1955); ‘Wraight’ (1960); ‘The Linney Case’ (1956); ‘Florczykowski’ (1959); “Spy for a Spy” article: ‘The Pripoltzev Case’ (1961); ‘The Man who sent out Murder Gangs with Poisoned Bullets: Will he be received at Windsor Castle and Dine at Mansion House?’ (about Ivan Serov) See: Box 55, Section 2, Envelope16.

F.32     “Maps and Photographs”. A collection of maps, typescripts, and relevant photographs. Most relate to an article in preparation by ‘Peter Morland’ called “Britain’s new Domesday Book”, or a similar article called “A Modern Domesday Book for Britain” by ‘Peter S. Leighton’. The section consists of:
            a) A map of changes in land use in two Surry parishes over a period of 275 years.
            b) A page from “The Land Utilization Survey of Britain,” part of Sheet 114, in colour.
            c) Original page entitled “Generalised Sections through the Chief Coalfields” [of England and Wales].
            d) Part of an original map of English Coal and Iron Deposits. Prepared by the Ministry of Town and Country Planning, with data from 1940.
            e) Original map, dating from 1945, containing data from 1938, entitled “Population of Urban Areas” [England and Wales]. Published by the Director of the Ordnance Survey. Cost: 5 shillings.
            f) Four photographs illustrating some aspects of the process of cartography, and two other photographic plates of landscapes containing chalk figures. There are also four captions without pictures which relate to this work.
            g) Variety of photographed b&w maps, all from one source, and of worldwide distribution. They generally show an approximation of border outlines and the placement of towns, but not roads. There is also a photograph of a stylized map of the Rhine, originally in German. “Köln” has had “Cologne” taped over the place name in the photograph.
            h) Typescripts by ‘Peter Morland’ and ‘Peter S. Leighton’ regarding a potential modern Domesday Book created by aerial photography.
            i) Typescript of article by ‘Squadron Leader F.G. Oldham’ entitled “Mapping the World from the Air”.
            j) Captions for some pictures relevant to the articles
F.33     Manuscripts: Miscellaneous ‘Political’ drafts for newspaper articles: Nazis, Communists, British Foreign Office, British Intelligence. No evidence of publication. Found amongst newspaper clippings.
F.34     Manuscripts about Royal Romances, Eccentricities: Elizabeth of Austria, Carol of Rumania, Rudolph of Austria. Found amongst newspaper clippings.
F.35     Manuscripts on matters of British concern: Queen’s wealth, high treason, Prince Philip, Whitehall (published), Honours List. Found amongst newspaper clippings.

Series 6
Research Material for Articles and Books Never Written. -- 1944-1979. -- 59 cm of textual records and graphic material. -- Title based on content of series.
Box 31A
F.1       “Quislings of Europe”. Proposal for a book, research notes, essays on ‘World War II’, and a variety of notes on individuals with Nazi sympathies. Included are: Vidkun Quisling, Leon Degrelle, Nicolas de Kallay, Ion Antonescu, Codreanu, Father Tiso, Hacha. There is correspondence with other nationals regarding these persons, with a request from Cookridge that the correspondents provide him with a profile including the worst of their deeds, and any unsavoury aspects of their personal lives. Much of the file consists of the replies to his requests.
F.2       “Concorde”. Correspondence concerning possible book on the Concorde supersonic aircraft (1972-1975). The book was never written; a book by John Costello and Terry Hughes was published and a copy of the Feb. 29, 1976, review is in another file.
F.3       “Concorde”. Background material: Concorde Fact Sheets1 through16, plus an issue 2 on Costs. Sheets issued by British Aircraft Corporation.
F.4       “Concorde”. Background material: British Aircraft Corporation press releases and newspaper reports, April 1967 to December 1971.
F.5       “Concorde”. Background material: British Aircraft Corporation press releases and newspaper reports for 1972.
F.6       “Concorde”. Background material: British Aircraft Corporation press releases and newspaper reports for 1973.
F.7       “Concorde”. Background material: British Aircraft Corporation press releases and newspaper reports for 1974.
F.8       “Concorde”. Background material: British Aircraft Corporation press releases and newspaper reports for 1975 through 1977. File includes review of book on Concorde which beat Cookridge’s possible book.
F.9       “Concorde”. Published background material. British Aircraft Corporation publications on the Concorde, Flight magazine (November19, 1970, May 27, 1971) with articles and data on supersonic commercial aircraft, and a BAC Concorde brochure.
F.10     “Israel and the Middle East”. Partial typescript of article consisting of pp 4-20, and a large number of handwritten notes. Photographs, mostly previously published by others, two acetate negatives of prepared photographic plates, and two mock-ups of plates.
F.11     “Israel and the Middle East”. Newspaper clippings 1945-end of 1967. Xerox copies of original material.
F.12     “Israel and the Middle East”. Newspaper clippings 1969-1974. Xerox copies of original material.
F.13     “Israel and the Middle East”. Newspaper clippings 1975. Xerox copies of original material.
F.14     “Israel and the Middle East”. Newspaper clippings 1976. Xerox copies of original material.
F.15     “Israel and the Middle East”. Newspaper clippings 1977-1979. Xerox copies of original material.
F.16     “Israel and the Middle East”. Newspaper clippings originally separately designated:
            a) USSR and the Middle East
            b) USA and the Middle East
            c) France and the Middle East
F.17     “Bletchley”. Background material (minimal) and correspondence with Duncan Campbell (see also ‘Trotsky’ files), and a proposal for a book.
F.18     “Success”. From an envelope labeled “Success” by Cookridge, but see also “Richest Men” (Box 32, Files 9 and 10). This file contains two typed proposals for articles. The first is “These Men have brought Renown to Scotland”, and lists potential authors’ names (Cookridge as “Ian MacTavish”, “William McCohen” or “Robert McHaggis”. The second typescript is “These Men Found Fame and Fortune”. The file also contains background, Xerox-copied newspaper clippings.
F.19     Eastern Europe.1971 Radio Free Europe newsletters reporting on information from Communist radio and press. Topics: Gidzhaks (musical instruments); sex education; pollution; Siberian gas for Western kitchens.

Box 32

F.1       “Brezhnev”. Newspaper clippings, magazine articles, and previously published photographs.  Clearly a ‘project’ but without any typescript or correspondence.
F.2       “Guerillas”. Cookridge’s handwritten notes, and a montage for a photographic plate.
F.3       “Guerillas”. Xerox/photocopies of stories about ‘Carlos the Jackal’ (Illitch Ramirez Sanchez), in English and in Spanish, 1975-76.
F.4       “Guerillas”. Xerox copies of newspaper stories on terrorists, including ‘Carlos’, but dating from1950-1973.
F.5       “Guerillas”. Xerox copies of newspaper clippings, magazine articles, including the Baader-Meinhof Gang, and ‘Carlos’, 1974-78.
F.6       “The Balkans” Copy of an unbound book called ‘Resupply’, relating to a British air operation which dropped supplies in the Jugoslav mountains in support of Tito from January to October, 1944. The foreword is by Wing Commander A. Cecil Harper, and is an original signature. The book is largely a photograph album with captions and short explanatory notes. There is no single author identified; authorship is given to “The 60th Troop Carrier Group, Col. C. J. Galligan Commanding.”. The date is July, 1944.
F.7       “The Balkans”. Disparate materials:
            1) Copy of the1969 ‘Review’ for the Polish Air Force Association, an important charitable foundation, with an accompanying letter to a regular donor, Mrs. Bloomfield.
           2) Maps of Greece, the Balkans, and Jugoslavia, related to the material in File 1 in this box.
F.8       “The Balkans”. A collection of previously published pictures of the region excised from books. Some are of identified individuals. There is an original photograph of Albert Gardyne de Chastelain, and Cookridge’s handwriting on one or two photographs.

Box 33
F.1       “Maps and Photographs”. Photographs relating to World War II: Nuremberg, Potsdam Conference, German science, industry. In envelope. Also in another envelope, two copies of “Karolina 3 pfennig” stamp.
F.2       “Maps and Photographs”. Communist world, postwar photographs, including Yugoslavia. Photographs of personalities, Politburo,1946 ff; agriculture; Red Army recreational activities; Field marshal Montgomery meeting General Vassilevsky; three copies of portrait of Saltykov, the original Russian Secret Service officer (1760); court pictures. In envelope. Large strip photograph of Politburo on reviewing stand, free in file.
F.3       “Maps and Photographs”. All black and white.
            1) Photograph of a watercolour by J.M.W. Turner. Two copies of picture, each with German descriptions, both different, on the backs. Also photograph of an English description, perhaps from the back of the original.
            2a) Article on tea
            2b) Agricultural experiments, early ‘bioengineering’.
            2c) Photograph of Auguste Piccard (bathyscaphe).
            2d) Reflecting telescope components, USA.
            2e) Article on Royal Mint and the preparation of medals.
            3a) Photographs for article on champagne.
            3b) Photographs for article on radar (Pulse Transmitter), including portrait of Sir Robert Watson-Watt.
            3c) Photographs for article on Dogs in Movies. Official studio photographs and the human actors. The two dogs: ‘Lassie’ and ‘Daisy’.
            4a) British political photographs: Bevan (UK and Bryce (US); Bevan and other colleagues including max Aitken (Lord Beaverbrook).
            4b) Photograph of painted portrait of a baby, labeled, ‘Madock Brown’
            4b) Three members of the judiciary, and a spare caption.
            4c) Murders and murderers. Portraits, scenes of crimes.
            5) Envelope of photographs for article on Gaming: greyhound racing, casinos, police raids.
F.4       1) Photographs with a note from the editor of The World Wide Magazine returning a photograph which had not been used in ‘Capt. Kenneth Mills’s article called ‘A Gamble for Rubber’. The context of the note suggests the article was published, but this one photograph was returned. There is no other information on the article in the collection.
            2) Published photograph of Adélie penguins in Antarctica; part of the article is on the reverse. Also, the envelope contains a glossy print of Manao, Brazil, with the notation, “Not using this”, in Cookridge’s handwriting.
            3) The Nizam of Hyderabad and his family. Newsmagazine photographs, and b&w photographs made from them.
F.5       “Maps and Photographs”. Miscellaneous requests for pictures, invoices, some detached captions for pictures from Files 1-4 of Box 31.
F.6       “Murder in Ekaterinburg”. Background material, notes, photographs, clippings, correspondence. However, there is no prospectus, and no draft of article.

Series 7
Index File Cards. -- [19-]. -- 30 cm of textual records. -- Title based on content of series. -- The cards contain biographical and/or reference data.
Box 34
Index cards re a variety of British Intelligence, Special Branch, and Police Services. Alphabetically arranged. Also some historical and organizational detail.
1. British Intelligence, Special Branch Police Services
2. C.I.A. (American Central Intelligence Agency). Cards with organizational and historical data; biographical summary cards for various members of the CIA.
3. British Secret Service, (History of):15th–17th centuries. A) 16th Century, b) 17th Century alphabetically arranged.
4. British Secret Service, (History of):18th–early19th centuries; basically alphabetical arrangement.
5. British Secret Service, (History of): Crimean War to1914.
6. British Secret Service, (History of): a) 1914-1918 War, b) Bolshevism, c) handwritten notes.
7. Miscellaneous Intelligence Organizations, mainly British.
8. Naval Intelligence: From 1865, including Hydrographical Department: a) Organization; b) World War I; c) World War II; d) S.I.S.
9. a) Military Intelligence :1855-1918. Including Topographical and Statistical Department information.; b) Military Intelligence, History,19th Century. Very little, mostly education; c) Joint intelligence and Planning Departments, World War II.
10. Defense Intelligence after1964: a) after1964; b) Secret Intelligence Service (S.I.S.) – history, World War I, World War II, after1945.
11. MI 5 – Organization: a) Divisions – World War II; b) Directorate of Security; c) Propaganda and Political Warfare.
12. British Secret Service: Nazism and World War II: alphabetical biographical cards of names, letters.
13. S.O.E – Dutch Section. Organizational detail and alphabetical biographical data.
14. S.O.E. – Norwegian Section. Alphabetical biographical data.
15. S.O.E. – Danish Section – Alphabetical biographical data.
16. Soviet Spies in Britain – Organizational and biographical data.
17. China – Data cards and some biographical cards on China, and intelligence activities in the Far East.
18. Israel and Palestine.Ccards on organizations and activities affecting this area. Biographical data.

Box 35
1. German Intelligence,19th century
2. German Intelligence, S.D. and Gestapo. Alphabetically arranged personnel data cards.
3. Abwehr and Nachrichtendienst
            a) Organization
            b) Chiefs
            c) Directed against Britain - people and organizations.
4. Nazi Spies in Britain.
            a) Biographical data cards, alphabetically arranged.
            b) “British Free Corps” and defectors. Biographical data cards.
5. Abwehr activities other than in Britain, and names of agents:
            a) France, Switzerland
            b) Eastern Europe: Poland, CSR, Balkans, USSR.
            c) Middle East
            d) Africa
            e) USA
            f) South America
            g) Far East
6. German Intelligence after 1945, largely re: Gehlen. Alphabetical biographical file cards, and organizational data.
7. Author’s Literature Reference cards. General background reference material for his books.

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Last Reviewed: January 4, 2012