5 New History Databases
Adding to strong collections on war and peace, the Library has purchased five primary research databases exploring World War II and the Holocaust:
- Testaments to the Holocaust
- The Economy and War in the Third Reich, 1933-1944
- Conditions and Politics in Occupied Western Europe, 1940-1945
- Post War Europe: Refugees, Exile and Resettlement, 1945-1950
- U.S. Relations with the Vatican and the Holocaust, 1940-1950
Testaments to the Holocaust provides manuscripts and photographs digitized from the collections of the Wiener Library, London. The online archive features over 1,200 eyewitness accounts, 4,000 rare photographs, some 450 fulltext books, original Nazi propaganda materials, accounts gathered in the weeks and months after the November progrom of 1938, early materials testifying to Jewish resistance efforts, and post-war publications documenting the emergence of Holocaust-related issues as topics of academic discourse. Approximately 75% of the content is German-language, with 20% English and 3% French.
The Economy and War in the Third Reich is based on three economic publications: Monatliche Nachweise über den auswärtigen Handel Deutschlands (January 1933-June 1939), Der Aussenhandel Deutschlands Monatliche Nachweise (July 1939), andSondernachweis der Aussenhandel Deutschlands (August 1939-1944). This collection provides rare, detailed data on the German economic situation preceding and during the war years.
Conditions and Politics in Occupied Western Europe includes more than 22,000 items digitized from the files of the British Foreign Office. This collection provides first-hand reports rom diplomatic posts in Barcelona, Lisbon, Geneva, Tangier, Berne and Stockholm, including ambassadorial dispatches, representations of foreign diplomats, telegrams, letters from British diplomats abroad, memoranda, minutes, and news cuttings, as the British government sought to understand local sentiment and the political and social conditions in both occupied and neutral countries.
Post War Europe: Refugees, Exile and Resettlement is a new online collection of primary source materials from the holdings of the Wiener Library and The National Archives of the UK and covers the politics and administration of the refugee crisis in Europe after World War II. Among the events and perspectives documented are refugee camps across Europe including England, Germany, Italy, Hungary, and Yugoslavia; British zone repatriation policy and operations; Displaced Persons Assembly Centre reports; Records of the Central British Fund for Jewish Relief and Rehabilitation; Adoption of Jewish orphans; Belsen DP Camp; and more.
U.S. Relations with the Vatican and the Holocaust. Reproduced from originals at the U.S. National Archives, this collection incorporates a wealth of unique correspondence, reports and analyses, memos of conversations, and personal interviews exploring such themes U.S.-Vatican relations, the Vatican’s role in World War II, Jewish refugees, Italian anti-Jewish laws during the papacy of Pius XII, and the pope’s personal knowledge of the treatment of European Jews. Much has been published on the controversial relationship between Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust: documents in this resource provide contemporary views.
Together, these five databases give access to unique resources for research into Nazi Germany and 20th century Jewish and Holocaust studies, World War II, 20th century British and European History, and international politics.