Open and Closed Captions
Open Captions are the textual representation of the auditory components of the video, or tv show. This is the dialogue as well as the background noises, and music that are present in the show. The captions typically appear at the bottom of the screen. These captions do not need to be turned on to appear. They cannot be turned off.
Closed Captions are also the textual representation of the auditory components of the video or tv show. These captions do not appear at the bottom of the screen unless enabled by the user.
Captions are different than subtitles in that captions are displayed in the same language as the audio. For example, if French is spoken during the program, then the captions would also be in French. If the text at the bottom of the screen is in a different language than what is being spoken then those are generally considered subtitles. The exception would be films from Europe. In Europe, their standard caption phrase is Subtitles for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing (SDH) where in North America ours is Closed Captioned for the Hearing Impaired.
Who benefits from captions?
- an individual who has difficulty hearing the audio
- an individual who is not able to listen to the audio due to their surroundings (they are in an environment where noise is not permitted)
- an individual who is learning the language they are listening to
- an individual who learns by processing information in multiple formats
- an individual who has a learning disability
- an individual who is looking to spell difficult terminology
There are many benefits to captioning videos
McMaster Captioning Standard:
|Length of Video||Captioning Solution|
|3 - 5 Minutes||YouTube auto-generated captions, with manual clean-up|
|5 - 60+ Minutes||
Upload to Rev.com - if less than 60 minutes, returned within 24 hours - $1/minute
Built into the cost of producing all new videos and have captioned at the point of creation
|Commercial Videos||Need to get permission to caption, then provide a digital copy to Rev.com, as above|
|Lecture Captures||No viable solution yet - average 3 hours long - only used for one term - very costly|
Captions can be obtained for any video used in a McMaster class by using the link on the right toolbar to the McMaster Captioning Request Form.