WWI Trench Maps & Aerial Photographs

Content for the interpretation guides found on this website was compiled from the sources listed below and from the material in our collection.


Beach, J. (2013). Haig's intelligence: GHQ and the German Army, 1916-1918. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bragg, Sir Lawrence, Dowson, A. H., Hemming, H. H. Artillery Survey in the First World War. Elstree: Field Survey Association, 1971.

Chasseaud, Peter. Artillery's Astrologers: A History of British Survey & Mapping on the Western Front 1914-1918. Lewes: Mapbooks, 1999.

Chasseaud, Peter. "British artillery and Trench Maps on the Western Front 1914-1918." The Map Collector v.51 (1990): 24-32

Chasseaud, Peter. "German Maps and Survey on the Western Front, 1914-1918." The Cartographic Journal v.38 no.2 (2001): 119-134.

Chasseaud, Peter. Topography of Armageddon: A British Trench Map Atlas of the Western Front 1914-1918. Lewes: Mapbooks, 1991.

Chasseaud, Peter. Trench Maps: A Collector's Guide Volume 1: British Regular Series 1:10,000 Trench Maps GSGS 3062. Lewes: Mapbooks, 1986.

Collier, P. (January 01, 2002). The Impact on Topographic Mapping of Developments in Land and Air Survey: 1900-1939. Cartography and Geographic Information Science, 29,3, 155-174.

Dye, P. (Spring, 2009). France and the Development of British Military Aviation. Royal Air Force: Air Power Review, 12, 1, 14-26.

Finnegan, Terrence J. Shooting the Front: Allied Aerial Reconnaissance and Photographic Interpretation On the Western Front. Washington, D.C.: Center for Strategic Intelligence Research, National Defense Intelligence College, 2006.

Hardesty, Von, and Gene Eisman. Camera Aloft: Edward Steichen in the Great War. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2015.

Heiman, Grover. (1972). Aerial Photography: the story of aerial mapping and reconnaissance. New York: The Macmillan Company Ltd.

Hinks, Arthur R. “German War Maps and Survey.” The Geographical Journal v.53, no.1 (1919): 30-40.

Ives, H. E. (1920). Airplane Photography. Philadelphia: Lippincott.

Larabee, Mark Douglas. Front Lines of Modernism: Remapping the Great War in British Fiction. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.

Mead, Peter. (1983). The Eye in the Air: history of air observation and reconnaissance for the army, 1745-1945. London: H.M.S.O.

Murray, Jeffrey S. "The Face of Armageddon." Mercator's World v.1, no.2 (1996): 31-37.

Murray, Jeffrey S. Terra Nostra: The Stories Behind Canada's Maps 1550-1950. Georgetown: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2006.

Nesbit, Roy Conyers. (1997). Eyes of the RAF: a history of photo-reconnaissance. Godalming, Surrey: Bramley Books.

Seymour, W.A., Andrews, John Harwood. A History of the Ordnance Survey. Kent: Wm Dawson & Sons Ltd, 1980.

Sinclair, J.C. (2008). One Hundred Years of Canadian Military Mapping, 1903-2003. Ottawa: Baico Publishing Inc.

Stichelbaut, B., Chielens, P., In Flanders Fields Museum., Imperial War Museum (Great Britain), & Musée royal de l'Armée et d'histoire militaire. (2013). The Great War seen from the air in Flanders fields, 1914-1918. Brussels: Mercatorfonds.

Thomson, D. W. (1975). Skyview Canada: A story of aerial photography in Canada. Ottawa: Dept. of Energy, Mines and Resources.

Winterbotham, H. S. L. "Geographical Work with the Army in France." Geographical Journal v.54 (1919): 12-28.