WWI Map Glossary

WWI Trench Maps & Aerial Photographs

Glossary

The following is a list of English translations for French words and abbreviations. It is reproduced here from actual glossaries that were printed on the back (verso) of many WWI military maps as evidenced by the maps in our collection.

French

English

Abbaye, Abbe Abbey
Abreuvoir, Abr Watering-place
Abri de douaniers Customs-shelter
Acierie Steel works
Aiguilles Points (Ry.)
Allee Alley, Narrow road
Ancien - ne, Ancn-e Old
Aqueduc Aqueduct
Arbre Tree
Arbre eventail Tree fan-shaped
Arbre decharne Tree bare
Arbre fourchu Tree forked
Arbre isole Tree isolated
Arbre penche Tree leaning
Arbrisseau Small tree
Arc Arch
Ardoisiere, Ardre Slate quarry
Arret Halt
Asile Asylum
Asile des alienes Lunatic asylum
Asile d'alienes Lunatic asylum
Asile de charite Asylum
Asile des pauvres Asylum
Asile de refuge Asylum
Auberge, Aubge Inn
Aune Alder-tree
Bec Ferry
Bec a traille Ferry
Bains Baths
Place aux bains Bathing place
Balise Boom, Beacon
Banc de sable Sand-bank
Banc de vase Mud-bank
Baraque Hut
Barrage Dam
Barriere Gate, Stile
(Machine a) Bascule Weigh-bridge
Bassin Dock, Pond
Bassin d'echouage Tidal dock
Bassin de radoub Dry dock
Bateau phare Light-ship
Blanchisserie Laundry
B.M. (borne milliare) Mile stone
B4 (borne kilometrique) Mile stone
Boulonnerie Bolt Factory
Fabe de boulons Bolt Factory
Bouee Bouy
Brasserie, Brassie Brewery
Briqueterie, Briqie Brickfield
Brise-lames Breakwater
Bureau de poste Post office
Bureau de douane Custom house
Butte Butt, Mound
Cabane Hut
Cabaret, Cabt Inn
Cable sous-marin Submarine cable
Calvaire, Calve Calvary
Canal de dessechement Drainage canal
Fabe de caoutchouc Rubber factory
Carriere, Carre Quarry
Carriere de gravier Gravel-pit
Caserne Barracks
Champ de courses Race-course
Champ de manoeuvres Drill-ground
Champ de tir Rifle range
Chantier Building yard
  Ship yard
  Dock yard
Chantier de construction Slip-way
Chapelle, Chlle Chapel
Charbonnage Colliery
Chateau d'eau Water tower
Chaussee Causeway
  Highway
Chemin de fer Railway
Cheminee, Chnee Chimney
Chene Oak tree
Cimetiere, Cimre Cemetery
Clocher Belfry
Clouterie Nail factory
Colombier Dove-cot
Coron Workmen's dwellings
Cour des marchandises Goods yard
Cour aux marchandises Goods yard
Couvent Convent
Crassier Slag heap
Croix Cross
Darse Inner dock
Demoli - e Destroyed
Detruit - e, Dett-e Destroyed
Deversoir Weir
Digue Dyke, causeway
Distillerie, Distie Distillery
Douane Custom-house
Bureau de douane Custom-house
Entrepot de douane Custome warehouse
Dynamitiere, Dynamre Dynamite magazine
Dynamiterie Dynamite factory
Ecluse Sluice, Lock
Eclusette, Eclte Sluice
Ecole School
Ecurie Stable
Eglise Church
Emaillerie Enamel works
Embarcadere, Embre Landing-place
Estaminet, Estamt Inn
Etang Pond
Fabrique, Fabe Factory
Fabe de produits chimiques Chemical works
Fabe de faience Pottery
Faiencerie Pottery
Ferme, Fme Farm
Filature, Filre Spinning mill
Fonderie, Fondie Foundry
Fontaine, Fontne Spring, fountain
Foret Forest
Forme de radoub Dry dock
Forge Smithy
Fosse Mine, Pit
Fosse Moat, Ditch
Four Kiln
Four a chaux Lime-kiln
Four a coke Coke oven
Genterie Glove Factory
Gare Station
Garenne Warren
Garnison Garrison
Gazometre Gasometer
Glacerie Mirror Factory
Fabe de glaces Mirror Factory
Glaciere Ice factory
Grue Crane
Gue Ford
Guerite Sentry-boc, Turret
Guerite a siguaux Signal-box (Ry.)
Halte Halt
Hangar Shed, Hangar
Hopital Hospital
Hotel-de-Ville Town hall
Houillere Colliery
Huilerie Oil factory
Imprimerie, Imprie Printing works
Jetee Pier
Laminerie Rolling mills
Ligne de haute maree High water mark
Laisse de haute maree High water mark
Laisse de basse maree Low water mark
Maison Forestiere, Mon. Fre. Forester's house
Malterie Malt-house
Marbrerie Marble works
Marais Marsh
Marais salant Saltern, Salt marsh
Marche Market
Mare Pool
Meule Rick
Miniere Mine
Monastere Monastery
Moulin, Min Mill
Moulin a vapeur Steam mill
Mur Wall
Mur crenele Loop-holed wall
Nacelle Ferry
Orme Elm
Orphelinat Orphanage
Oseraies Osier-beds
Ouvrage Fort
Ouvrages hydrauliques Water works
Papeterie Paper-mill
Parc Park, yard
Parc aerostatique Aviation ground
Parc a charbon Coal yard
Parc a petrole Petrol store
Passage a niveau P.N. Level-crossing
Passerelle, Paslle Foot-bridge
Pepiniere Nursery-garden
Peuplier Poplar tree
Phare Light-house
Pilier, Pilr Post
Plaine d'exercice Drill ground
Pompe Pump
Ponceau Culvert
Pont Bridge
Pont levis Drawbridge
Poste de garde-cote Coast-guard station
Station de garde-cote Coast-guard station
Poteau, Pau Post
Poterie Pottery
Poudriere, Poudre Powder magazine
Magasin a poudre Powder magazine
Prise d'eau Water supply
Puits Pit-head, Shalt, Well
Puits artesien Artesian well
Puits d'aerage Ventilating shaft
Puits ventilateur Ventilating shaft
Puits de sondage Boring
Quai Quay, Platform
Quai aux bestiaux Cattle platform
Quai aux marchandises Goods platform
Quai des marchandises Goods platform
Raccordement Junction
Raffinerie Refinery
Raffinerie de sucre Sugar refinery
Raperie Beet-root factory
Remblai Embankment
Remise des Machines Engine-shed
Remise aux Machines Engine-shed
Reservoir, Resr Reservoir
Route cavaliere Bridle road
Rubanerie Ribbon Factory
Ruine Ruin
Ruines Ruin
En ruine Ruin
Ruine - e Ruin
Sabliere Sand-pit
Sablonniere, sablonre Sand-pit
Sapin Fir tree
Saule Willow tree
Saunerie Salt-works
Scierie, Scie Saw-mill
Sondage Boring
Source Spring
Sucrerie, Sucie Sugar factory
Tannerie Tannery
Tir a la cible Rifle range
Tissage Weaving mill
Tolerie Tomb
Tour Tower
Tourbiere Peat-bog, Peat-bed
Tourelle Small tower
Tuilerie Tile works
Usine a gaz Gas works
Usine electrique Electricity works
Usine d'electricite Electricity works
Usine metallurgique Metal works
Usine a agglomeres Briquette factory
Verrerie, Verrie Glass works
Viaduc Viaduct
Vivier Fish Pond
Voie de chargement Siding
Voie de dechargement Siding
Voie d'evitement Siding
Voie de formation Siding
Voie de manoeuvre Siding
Zinguerie Zinc works