Canadian bills can be public (concerned with matters of general public policy) or private (concerned with corporations or persons).
Bills can be initiated in the Senate or the House of Commons. (Note that any bill relating to the expenditure of money must originate in the House of Commons.)
Bills can be introduced in the House of Commons by either the government or by a private member.
Bills are numbered chronologically during the life of each session of Parliament.
Bills originating in the Senate have the prefix S. House of Commons Bills have the prefix C. Commons-originated bills are assigned into three blocks of numbers:
- Public or Government Bills are number C1-C199
- Private Member's Public Bills are numbered C200-C1,000
- Private Bills are C1001-
Bills have three readings. Amendments are possible after the second and third readings. Bills passing third reading in one house must be passed by the other house before receiving Royal Assent
The Status of House Business at Prorogation report is issued by the House of Commons approximately once a month while the House is sitting. This publication traces the status of all Private Members' Public Bills currently before the House or the Senate (CA1 XB - B57).