The following guides provide help on how to cite a variety of resources.
Citation Management Software
If you are dealing with more than a handful of citations in your reports, you should strongly consider using a bit of software called a reference or citation manager. A citation manager can collect your references and automatically cite them in whatever style you want, saving you a ton of time. Find out more about citation management software.
Business Style Guides
Humanities & Social Sciences Citation & Style Guides
- AAA Style Guide (American Anthropological Association)
Useful for Anthropology
- APA Style Guide (McMaster U.)
Brief guide to APA citation style, based on the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010). If the type of entry you want to cite is not included, please consult the manual. See also:
- ASA (American Sociological Association) Style Guide
Follows the author-date system of citation in the Chicago Manual of Style, which includes a brief text citation (enclosed in parentheses) and a complete list of references cited (included at the end of an article, before any appendices).
- If you can't find an example of a format in the ASA guide, consult the Chicago manual.
- short online guide: Formatting in Sociology ASA Style (Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab))
- complete guide: Mills Quick Reference, 1st floor HM 569 .A54
- Chicago Manual of Style Online
Provides guidance on citing sources, reference formats, grammar and usage, and manuscript production. Contains both the 16th and 17th editions.
- Citing Music Sources in your Essay and Bibliography (Western University of Ontario)
Useful for: citing music sources.
- MLA Style Guide (McMaster University)
Brief guide based on the 8th edition of the MLA Handbooks (2016). If the type of entry you want to cite is not included, please consult the MLA Handbook.
- Turabian (Chicago) Style Guide (McMaster University)
A brief guide based on the 7th edition of Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses and Dissertations (2007). If the type of entry you want to cite is not included, please consult the manual.
- Turabian Style Guides (Memorial University Libraries)
Science & Technology Citation & Style Guides
- A Quick Guide to Citing Using the ACS Style Guide, 3rd ed. (Penn State University Libraries)
Useful for: Chemistry, Science & Technology. This site provides only sample references for books, journal articles, theses, patents, etc.
- AIP Style Manual (American Institute of Physics)
Useful for: Physics, Science & Technology
- C471 Chemical information Sources and Services Lecture Notes (Indiana U.)
Useful for: Chemistry, Science & Technology
- CSE (CBE) Citation Guide (McGill; PDF format)
Useful for: many disciplines in the natural sciences, including biology, geology, chemistry, mathematics, and physics. Based on Scientific Style and Format: the CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 7th ed., 2006, by the Council of Science Editors (formerly the Council of Biology Editors). If the type of entry you want to cite is not included, please consult the manual in THODE Reference.
- The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) quick style guide (Monash University Library)
Useful for: engineering, electronics, telecommunications, computer science and information technology. See also:
General & Multidisciplinary Citation & Style Guides
- Guide to Citing Maps & Atlases (McMaster University)
Useful for: citing maps & atlases in any discipline.
- Harvard Style (Anglia Ruskin University)
Has been adapted to suit many different publication styles covering print and electronic sources and includes how to cite U.K. and E.U. official documents. See also:
- Harvard Referencing (University of Sheffield)
- How to Cite Government Publications (McMaster University)
Useful for: citing government publications in any discipline.
- Citing Unpublished Sources (McMaster University)
Useful for: citing unpublished sources in any discipline.
- McMaster's Guide for the Preparation of Master's and Doctoral Thesis (McMaster University, School of Graduate Studies)
Includes formatting guidelines, referencing info, etc.
- Referen©ite: Academic Referencing Resource (University of Auckland)
Contains links to tools, tutorials, and guides that help with referencing sources correctly.